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Freedmen's Bureau

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African Americans

African Americans  

A citizen or resident of the United States whose ancestry can be traced to Africa. A term intended to avoid the pejorative associations of words such as “negro” and “black.” An estimated 10 to 12 ...
Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson  

(1808–75)US politician; 17th President of the USA (1865–69). As the only southern senator to support the Union in the American Civil War he was appointed military governor of Tennessee. Having been ...
Black Theology

Black Theology  

Black Theology is a comprehensive term that developed out of both religious and quasi-secular aspirations of oppressed black people and was first used among a small group of African American ...
Charles Remond Douglass

Charles Remond Douglass  

(b. 21 October 1844; d. 24 November 1920), soldier, journalist, and government clerk.Born in Lynn, Massachusetts, Charles Remond Douglass was the third and youngest son of Frederick and Anna ...
Clinton Bowen Fisk

Clinton Bowen Fisk  

(b. 8 December 1828; d. 9 July 1890), prohibitionist and the namesake of Fisk University.Clinton Bowen Fisk, the sixth son of Benjamin and Lydia Fisk, was born in Livingston ...
Colonialism

Colonialism  

Colonialism was the effort by nineteenth-century European powers to control, exploit, and inhabit other parts of the world, particularly Africa. Following Britain's abolition of the slave trade in ...
Democratic Party

Democratic Party  

One of the two main political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican party, which follows a broadly liberal program, tending to support social reform and minority rights.[...]
demographics

demographics  

Statistics that describe the characteristics of a population, such as age, sex, race, family size, income, and location of residence.
Economic Life

Economic Life  

Work has always characterized African American life in the Americas. From the first arrivals in the 1610s blacks came or were brought to the New World to labor. During the ...
Freedman's Savings and Trust Company

Freedman's Savings and Trust Company  

The Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, commonly known as the Freedman's Bank, was chartered by Congress in March 1865 to be a repository for the personal savings of freed slaves. ...
freedmen

freedmen  

 Emancipated slaves were more prominent in Roman society than in Greek city‐states or Hellenistic kingdoms (see slavery). Lat. lībertus/a designates the ex‐slave in relation to former owner ...
George B. Vashon

George B. Vashon  

(1824–1878), essayist and poet.George Boyer Vashon was the first African American to graduate from Oberlin College and the first to become a lawyer in New York State. Born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, ...
Howard University

Howard University  

Howard University—dubbed in its early years as “the capstone of Negro education”—was incorporated in 1867 to provide education for young men and women of any race but especially for freeborn ...
John Mercer Langston

John Mercer Langston  

(b. 14 December 1829; d. 15 November 1897), an African American political leader, congressman, and intellectual.Born in Virginia to a wealthy white planter and a slave mother, John Mercer ...
Mississippi

Mississippi  

The word “Mississippi” often brings particular images to mind—cotton, catfish, magnolias—or causes one to reflect on important historical moments like those of slavery, segregation, and the civil ...
Oliver Otis Howard

Oliver Otis Howard  

(1830–1909) Union officer, born Leeds, Maine. Howard fought at First Bull Run (1861) and commanded troops at Antietam (1862) and Fredericksburg (1862) before being routed at Chancellorsville (1863) ...
poverty

poverty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Poverty is no disgrace, but it is a great incovenience proverbial saying, late 16th century.poverty is not a crime proverbial saying, late 16th century.when poverty comes in at the door, love flies ...
race

race  

[Ge]Differences in human physical stock regarded as the basis for categorizing large‐scale human groups. Although a concern of much antiquarian investigation during the 19th century, it is not a ...
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph Waldo Emerson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1803–82) The American transcendentalist had scruples about the morality of Shakespeare's plays, but his essay ‘Shakspere; or, the Poet’ in Representative Men (1850) also reveals great admiration for ...
Reconstruction

Reconstruction  

The period 1865–77 following the American Civil War, during which the Southern states of the Confederacy were controlled by federal government and social legislation, including the granting of new ...

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