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Frederick the Great

(1712—1786) king of Prussia 1740–86

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Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome  

Ancient Rome continued to be a major reference point for the culture of the Enlightenment, due notably to the central role played by Latin. There was a gradual decline in ...
Anna Louisa Karsch

Anna Louisa Karsch  

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Literature
(Tierschtiegel nr. Crossen/ Oder, 1722–91, Berlin),née Durbach or Dürbach, was twice married, in 1738 and 1749. The name of her first husband was Hirsekorn, of the second Karsch. Both ...
Antoine-Henri Jomini

Antoine-Henri Jomini  

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(1779–1869) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he ...
attrition

attrition  

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N. the reduction of the effectiveness of a force caused by loss of personnel and materiel.
Battle of Jena

Battle of Jena  

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(14 October 1806)A battle between the Prussian army, led by Prince Hohenlohe, and Napoleon's French forces, fought near the German town of that name. The Prussians underestimated the size of the ...
battle of Leuthen

battle of Leuthen  

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(1757).After Rossbach, Frederick ‘the Great’ of Prussia, with a force of 36,000, encountered the 80,000 strong Austrian army under Daun at Leuthen in the snows of 5 December 1757. ...
Christian Garve

Christian Garve  

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Literature
(1742–1798), German writer, scholar, and translator. A major Aufklärer (German Enlightenment figure), Garve was instrumental in popularizing and diffusing ideas from France and Britain while ...
Die traurige Geschichte von Friedrich dem Großen

Die traurige Geschichte von Friedrich dem Großen  

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Literature
An unfinished historical novel by H. Mann on Friedrich II of Prussia. Mann began to study the subject in 1940 and worked at the MS. until 1948. It was found ...
Elisabeth Christine, Königin von Preußen

Elisabeth Christine, Königin von Preußen  

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Literature
(Wolfenbüttel, 1715–97, Berlin),a daughter of Herzog Ferdinand Albrecht II von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, was married to Crown Prince Friedrich (see Friedrich II der Grosse) in 1733. She was a niece ...
equipment, personal

equipment, personal  

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The soldier needs rapid access to his weapons and ammunition, and has scarcely less urgent need for water, food, portable shelter, the means to clean himself and his weapon, and ...
Frederick William I

Frederick William I  

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Literature
(1688–1740)King of Prussia (1713–40). He was the son of Frederick I and was known as ‘the royal drill-sergeant’: he was a strict Calvinist, hardworking, violent tempered, and notorious for his ...
Frederick William II

Frederick William II  

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(1744–97)King of Prussia (1787–97). He was the nephew of Frederick II and a man of little ability, though a patron of the arts. He fought in the early campaigns against the French Revolutionary ...
freemasonry

freemasonry  

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History
Originated in Scotland around 1600, as a blend of medieval and Renaissance mysticism. It expanded rapidly in the 18th century, adapting itself to Enlightenment rationality and catering for the ...
Freidank

Freidank  

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Literature
(fl. early 13th century) Wandering poet, participant in Frederick II’s crusade (1228–9), who composed Bescheidenheit (c.4,800 lines), a widely circulated collection of traditional proverbs, moral ...
Gebhard Lebrecht Blücher

Gebhard Lebrecht Blücher  

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Literature
(1742–1819)Prussian field-marshal, whose victories were due more to dash and energy than to military tactics. Forced to surrender to the French in 1806, he helped to re-create his country's ...
German army

German army  

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A ‘German’ army did not really come into being until 1871 but the military traditions of Prussia stretched back into the 17th century. The army was instrumental in the rise ...
Giacomo Casanova

Giacomo Casanova  

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Literature
(1725–98)Italian autobiographer. In the course of an adventurous life throughout Western Europe he wrote a number of historical works in Italian, but his reputation rests on his Mémoirés (Histoire ...
Heinrich Laube

Heinrich Laube  

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Literature
(1806–84)German dramatist, critic, and director. Laube came to prominence as a journalist and member of the radical writers' group Junges Deutschland. He was imprisoned in 1837 for political ...
Heinrich Mann

Heinrich Mann  

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(Lübeck, 1871–1950, Los Angeles),in full Luiz Heinrich Mann, was the eldest son of a well-to-do corn factor of Lübeck and the elder brother of Th. Mann. He had his ...
honour

honour  

The post of honour is the post of danger to be put in a position where one is likely to be assailed is to have one's value recognized; proverbial saying, mid 16th century.there is honour among ...

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