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Francis Joseph

(1830—1916)

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Ausgleich

Ausgleich  

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(1867; German, ‘compromise’)A constitutional compromise between Hungary and the Austrian empire following the defeat of Austria in Italy and Germany. It was drawn up by Francis Deák, and ratified by ...
Austria-Hungary

Austria-Hungary  

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The ‘Dual Monarchy’, established by the Austrian emperor Francis Joseph after Austria's defeat by Prussia in 1866 in which Austria and Hungary became autonomous states under a common sovereign. The ...
Austrian Empire

Austrian Empire  

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House of Habsburg-LorraineNotesNames and TitlesThe imperial title, assumed by Francis I in August 1804, was Kaiser von Österreich; he retained the titles king of Hungary and of Bohemia.Hamann, B., ...
Battle of Solferino

Battle of Solferino  

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(24 June 1859)A battle fought in Lombardy, between the armies of France and Piedmont on one side and Austria on the other. Piedmont, under the leadership of Cavour, had persuaded France to give ...
Franz Ferdinand

Franz Ferdinand  

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(1863–1914),Archduke of Austria and heir presumptive to Emperor Francis Joseph. He aimed to transform Austria-Hungary into a triple monarchy to include a Slavic kingdom. He was opposed by the ...
Treaty of Villafranca di Verona

Treaty of Villafranca di Verona  

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(1859)An agreement between France and Austria. After the battles of Magenta and Solferino, Napoleon III and Francis Joseph met at Villafranca, where the Austrians agreed to an armistice. Austria ...

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