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Fourteenth Amendment

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Adair v. United States

Adair v. United States  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
208 U.S. 161 (1908), argued 29–30 Oct. 1907, decided 27 Jan. 1908 by vote of 7 to 2; Harlan for the Court, McKenna and Holmes in dissent. The Erdman Act of 1898 was enacted to prevent disruption of ...
Adamson v. California

Adamson v. California  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
332 U.S 46 (1947), argued 15–16 Jan. 1947, decided 23 June 1947 by vote of 5 to 4; Reed for the Court, Frankfurter concurring, Black, Douglas, Murphy, and Rutledge in dissent. Adamson reflected the ...
Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena

Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena  

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Subject:
Law
515 U.S. 200 (1995), argued 17 Jan. 1995, decided 12 June by vote of 5 to 4; O’Connor for the Court, Scalia, Kennedy, Thomas concurring, Stevens, Ginsburg, and Souter in dissent. During the 1960s and ...
affirmative action

affirmative action  

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History
Any form of positive discrimination taken to assist or promote members of disadvantaged groups, e.g. under Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act 1986 (Cth). See ...
Alexander Bickel

Alexander Bickel  

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Law
(b. Bucharest, Romania, 17 Dec. 1924; d. New Haven, Conn., 7 Nov. 1974), scholar and law professor.Bickel arrived in the United States with his parents in 1938. He graduated ...
alien

alien  

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Law
N.A person who, under the law of a particular state, is not a citizen of that state. Aliens are usually classified as resident aliens (domiciled in the host country) or transient aliens (temporarily ...
Allgeyer v. Louisiana

Allgeyer v. Louisiana  

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Subject:
Law
165 U.S. 578 (1897), submitted 6 Jan. 1897, decided 1 Mar. 1897 by vote of 9 to o; Peckham for the Court. In Allgeyer v. Louisiana the Supreme Court for the first time ruled a state law ...
American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union  

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(‘ACLU’)The ACLU is a non‐profit, non‐partisan organization dedicated to defending the United States Bill of Rights. The organization boasts over 500,000 members and maintains a fifty‐state network ...
Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson  

(1808–75)US politician; 17th President of the USA (1865–69). As the only southern senator to support the Union in the American Civil War he was appointed military governor of Tennessee. Having been ...
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson

Anna Elizabeth Dickinson  

(b. 28 October 1842; d. 22 October 1932), abolitionist and feminist.Born in Philadelphia, Anna Elizabeth Dickinson was the youngest of five children of the devoted Quakers John and Mary ...
Anthony, Susan B., trial of

Anthony, Susan B., trial of  

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Law
(1873).On the last day of registration for the presidential elections of 1872, suffragist Susan B. Anthony and her three sisters tried to register to vote. At least fifty other ...
Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp.

Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
429 U.S. 252 (1977), argued 13 Oct. 1976, decided 11 Jan. 1977 by vote of 7 to 1; Powell for the Court, Marshall and Brennan concurring in part and dissenting in part, White in dissent; Stevens not ...
Asian Americans

Asian Americans  

[This entry contains seven subentries: Overview; Practice Interventions; Chinese; Japanese, Koreans; South Asians; Southeast Asians.]The term Asian Americans encompasses the immigrants coming from ...
assembly and association

assembly and association  

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Freedom of assembly and association is indispensable to self-government. Assembly is a public act by a group to convey a message; association is often an element of assembly, but it ...
Ballew v. Georgia

Ballew v. Georgia  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
435 U.S. 223 (1978), argued 1 Nov. 1977, decided 21 Mar. 1978 by vote of 9 to 0; Blackmun for the Court, Stevens, White, and Powell concurring. Pursuant to state law, Ballew was tried and convicted ...
Barron v. Baltimore

Barron v. Baltimore  

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• 7 Pet. 243 (1833)• Vote: 7–0• For the Court: Marshall• 7 Pet. 243 (1833)• Vote: 7–0• For the Court: MarshallJohn Barron owned docks and warehouses ...
Batson v. Kentucky

Batson v. Kentucky  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
476 U.S. 79 (1986), argued 12 Dec. 1985, decided 30 Apr. 1986 by vote of 7 to 2; Powell for the Court, White, Marshall, O’Connor, and Stevens (with Brennan) concurring, Burger and Rehnquist in ...
Benton v. Maryland

Benton v. Maryland  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Law
• 395 U.S. 784 (1969)• Vote: 7–2• For the Court: Marshall• Dissenting: Harlan and Stewart• 395 U.S. 784 (1969)• Vote: 7–2• For the Court: Marshall• Dissenting: Harlan and Stewart[...]
Betts v. Brady

Betts v. Brady  

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• 316 U.S. 455 (1942)• Vote: 6–3• For the Court: Roberts• Dissenting: Black, Douglas, and Murphy• 316 U.S. 455 (1942)• Vote: 6–3• For the Court: Roberts• Dissenting: Black, Douglas, and Murphy[...]
Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights  

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Subject:
Law
(1791)The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the USA. The constitutional arrangements of 1787 were assumed to guarantee human and civil rights, but omission of specific rights led to ...

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