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abstract art

abstract art  

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Overview Page
A term which can generally be applied to any non-representational art (most decorative art, for example), but which is more specifically used, from the early 20th century onwards, to describe ...
aesthetic distance

aesthetic distance  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In literary and aesthetic theory, a psychological relationship between an audience and an artwork reflecting a certain degree of disinterest, or critical detachment from it. Some critics ...
Aleksandr Tairov

Aleksandr Tairov  

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(1885–1950)Russian/Soviet director. After a period as an actor, Tairov's first important post was at Mardzhanov's Free Theatre in 1913, where he directed his future wife Koonen in Schnitzler's The ...
Aleksandr Vasil′yevich Mosolov

Aleksandr Vasil′yevich Mosolov  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Kiev, 29 July/11 Aug. 1900; d Moscow, 11 July 1973).Russian composer. He studied composition with Glière, and later with Myaskovsky at the Moscow Conservatory. Although he composed operas ...
Alexander Rodchenko

Alexander Rodchenko  

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(1891–1956)A leading avant‐garde designer of the Russian Revolutionary period, Rodchenko was widely known for his Constructivist work across a variety of creative fields including posters, packaging, ...
Analytic Aesthetics

Analytic Aesthetics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
For examples of the types of entries characteristic of Analytic Aesthetics, which is derived from twentieth-century Anglo-American philosophy (and which is often contrasted with Continental ...
Artforum

Artforum  

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Overview Page
Periodical (ten issues a year) devoted to contemporary art, founded in San Francisco in 1962. The place of publication moved to Los Angeles in 1965 and to New York in 1967, and the title changed to ...
Artists International Association

Artists International Association  

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(AIA)An association of left-wing British artists founded in London in 1932 with the aim of achieving ‘the unity of artists against Fascism and war and the suppression of culture’. Originally it was ...
ballet and theatrical dance

ballet and theatrical dance  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
1. Origins to 1830Ballet as an element of theatrical performance originates directly in the court entertainments of Renaissance Italy, where princely and ducal houses rivalled each other in the ...
Bernard Berenson

Bernard Berenson  

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(1865–1959),art historian and philosopher. Born in Lithuania and educated in America, he settled in Europe in 1887. He published Italian Painters of the Renaissance (as separate essays 1894–1907) ...
Bloomsbury Group

Bloomsbury Group  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A group of writers, artists, and philosophers living in or associated with Bloomsbury in the early 20th century. Members of the group, which included Virginia Woolf, Lytton Strachey, Vanessa Bell, ...
Bruce Nauman

Bruce Nauman  

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Overview Page
(1941– ).Sculptor, video artist, printmaker, conceptual artist, installation artist, performance artist, and photographer. Among the most mercurial, innovative, and controversial artists of recent ...
Chicago Critics

Chicago Critics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A group of critics associated with the University of Chicago, who contributed to the volume Critics and Criticisms: Ancient and Modern (1952) edited by the most prominent figure, R. S. Crane. Other ...
Clement Greenberg

Clement Greenberg  

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(1909–94).Art critic. A forceful supporter of mid-twentieth-century American abstraction, he championed such artists as Jackson Pollock, David Smith, Helen Frankenthaler, Barnett Newman, and Kenneth ...
Clive Bell

Clive Bell  

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Overview Page
(b East Shefford, Berkshire, 16 Sept. 1881; d London, 17 Sept. 1964).British writer on art. In 1910 he met Roger Fry and quickly became his chief apostle in helping to spread an appreciation of ...
Conceptual art

Conceptual art  

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Overview Page
A type of art in which the idea or ideas that a work represents are considered its essential component and the finished ‘product’, if it exists at all, is regarded primarily as a form of ...
cultural materialism

cultural materialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[Th]The theory of cultural causation in which technology, economics, and environment are considered the independent variables.
defamiliarization

defamiliarization  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The process by which literary works unsettle readers' habitual ways of seeing the world. According to the literary theories of S. T. Coleridge in Biographia Literaria (1817), of P. B. Shelley in ...
Dmitri Shostakovich

Dmitri Shostakovich  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b St Petersburg, 25 Sept. 1906; d Moscow, 9 Aug. 1975)Soviet composer. He wrote three ballet scores: The Golden Age (chor. Kaplan, Vainonen, Tchesnakov, and Jacobson, 1930), The Bolt (chor. ...
Eduard Hanslick

Eduard Hanslick  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Prague, 1825; d Baden, nr. Vienna, 1904).Austrian critic and writer of Cz. descent. Deeply impressed by Wagner's Tannhäuser in Dresden, 1845, about which he wrote long critical article. Settled in ...

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