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Alec Issigonis

Alec Issigonis  

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(1906–1988)British car designer, who was responsible for both the Morris Minor and the Mini. He was knighted in 1969.Of Greek descent (his father was a naturalized Briton), Issigonis came to England ...
Cassandre

Cassandre  

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(Adolf Jean‐Marie Mouron, 1901–68)One of the most important poster designers of the 20th century, Cassandre lived in Russia until 1918, when he moved to Paris, studying at the La Grande Chaumière and ...
Chicago Century of Progress Exposition

Chicago Century of Progress Exposition  

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(1933–4)This immensely popular exhibition on the shore of Lake Michigan attracted almost 49 million visitors over the two seasons that it was open. Initially conceived as an international exhibition ...
Chrysler Corporation

Chrysler Corporation  

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(established 1925)After a background in the railway and motor industries Walter P. Chrysler (1875–1940) founded the Chrysler Motor Corporation in 1925 as president and chairman of the board. Later ...
Detroit

Detroit  

Founded by Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac in 1701 as a French fur-trading outpost and fort, Detroit passed into British control in 1763 and to the Americans in 1796.The ...
Eugene T. Gregorie

Eugene T. Gregorie  

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(1908–2002)Gregorie was a highly significant designer at the Ford Motor Company in the period immediately following the end of production of the celebrated, functional rather than aesthetic, Model T ...
Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company   Reference library

Harm G. Schröter

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
819 words
Illustration(s):
1
The founder of the Ford Motor company, Henry Ford, was born into a well-to-do farmer's family in 1863 in Wayne County, near Dearborne, Michigan. He attended school only four years. As an ... More
General Motors

General Motors  

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(established 1908)Under the leadership of William C. Durant, General Motors (GM) was formed from a number of earlier automobile manufacturing initiatives in the United States. These included the Olds ...
George W. Walker

George W. Walker  

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(1896–1993)The status of this leading American car designer at the Ford Motor Corporation after the Second World War was confirmed by his appearance on the cover of Time magazine in 1957, like the ...
Gordon Buehrig

Gordon Buehrig  

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(1904–90)Buehrig was one of the leading stylists in the American automobile industry, particularly noted for his classic designs for Auburn, Cord, and Duesenberg of the interwar years. His 1936 Cord ...
Henry Ford

Henry Ford  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1863–1947)US motor manufacturer. He was a pioneer of mass production and had a profound influence on the widespread use of motor vehicles. In 1909 Ford produced his famous Model T, of which 15 ...
Howard Miller Clock Company

Howard Miller Clock Company  

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(established 1925)Originally named the Herman Miller Clock Company (having family links with the more famous Herman Miller Furniture Company) this Michigan‐based firm established its reputation at ...
Jaguar

Jaguar  

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(established 1945)The origins of this world famous British automobile manufacturer lay in the Swallow Sidecar Company, established in 1922. Following the production of its first car, the SS1, in 1931 ...
Nissan

Nissan  

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(established 1911)Masujiro Hahimoto, a graduate of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, was a major figure in the evolution of the Japanese automobile, commencing manufacture at a time when there were ...
Peugeot

Peugeot  

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(established 1896)With a family background in the manufacture of bicycles and a family history in tools and metal goods, Armand Peugeot (1849–1915) founded the Société des Automobiles Peugeot in ...
Renault

Renault  

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(established 1899)The Renault Brothers Marcel and Fernand founded this leading French automobile company in 1899. The early cars, designed by their brother Louis, began winning road races from 1899 ...
Toyota

Toyota  

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(established 1933)Kichiro Toyoda, mechanical engineering graduate of Tokyo Imperial University, founded this leading Japanese automobile manufacturing company in Nagoya in 1933 within the Toyoda Loom ...
Vespa

Vespa  

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(established 1946)Sometimes likened to the Ford Model T automobile (1908–27), which sold 15 million units in its lifetime, the Italian Vespa motor scooter designed by Corradino D'Ascanio and ...
Volkswagen

Volkswagen  

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(established 1938)This international company is known worldwide for its production of the Beetle, sustained by a series of films featuring the car as the central ‘character’ that commenced with The ...
Volvo

Volvo  

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(established 1924)Assar Gabrielsson and Gustaf Larson in Gothenburg founded this well‐known Swedish manufacturer in 1924, with the first Volvo car—an open‐topped four‐cylinder model—produced in 1927. ...

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