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Craft

Craft  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Craft has developed two related meanings within modern aesthetics. Craft signifies human ability in production or performance, a meaning identical with that of “art” from the time of the Greek ...
Federal Art Project

Federal Art Project  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A project run by the US Government from 1935 to 1943 with the dual purpose of helping artists through the Depression years and of deploying the artistic potential of the country in the decoration of ...
folklore

folklore  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The traditional beliefs, legends, and customs current among the common people; and the study of them. The term was first introduced by W. J. Thoms in the Athenaeum (1846).
Henri Rousseau

Henri Rousseau  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b Laval, 21 May 1844; d Paris, 2 Sept. 1910).French painter, the most celebrated of naive artists. His nickname refers to the job he held with the Paris municipal toll-collecting service (1871–93), ...
Lyubov Popova

Lyubov Popova  

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Overview Page
(b nr. Ivanovskoye, Moscow province, 24 Apr. 1889; d Moscow, 25 May 1924).Russian painter and designer. She was one of the leading figures of Russian avant-garde art in its ...
Master of

Master of  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Term used in art history to label the author of anonymous works or groups of works for convenience in discussing them. This use of invented names is more common in the study of painting and ...
National Endowment for the Arts

National Endowment for the Arts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Starting in the 1950s, new not-for-profit arts organizations and regional theatres in the United States experienced unprecedented growth. Most of these companies were created initially with major ...
New Deal

New Deal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The package of policies adopted in the US in the 1930s under President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945) to promote economic recovery from the Great Depression. This included price stabilization ...
Outsider art

Outsider art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A term used since the 1940s to describe art produced ‘outside’ the normal fine art tradition. Synonymous in many ways with Art Brut, many of its practitioners have, in fact, been stimulated to create ...
painting

painting  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Most painting in the Islamic world consists of illustration of manuscripts of histories, folktales, romances, epics, poetry, and animal fables, and production of single-page paintings that were ...
popular Culture

popular Culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
1. Cultural artefacts or media content produced for mass audiences. This equates popular culture with commercial success. The formal features of mass-media content may be interpreted in terms of ...
quilting

quilting  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A method of sewing three layers of fabric together to form a padded cover, usually for a bed. The stitches can be elaborate to form a decorative pattern on the top cover and can be combined with ...
regionalism

regionalism  

Regionalism has persisted in the United States in spite of social and economic mobility and telecommunications innovations that tend to homogenize culture and diminish geographic isolation. Studies ...
spirituality

spirituality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A vague term now used to refer both to people's subjective practice and experience of their religion, and to the spiritual exercises and beliefs which individuals have regarding their personal ...
Tribal Art

Tribal Art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Also termed “ethnographic art” or, in an expression seldom used today, “primitive art,” tribal art is the art of small-scale nonliterate societies. Some of the traditional artifacts to which the ...

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