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Charles I

Charles I  

(1600–49),king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625–49). Charles was the second son of James VI. Born in Scotland, he moved to England in 1604 after his father ascended the English throne. He ...
Henrietta Maria

Henrietta Maria  

(1609–69)Daughter of Henry IV of France, queen consort of Charles I of England (1625–49). Her Roman Catholicism heightened public anxieties about the court's religious sympathies and was a ...
John Hampden

John Hampden  

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(1594–1643)English politician, who played a leading part in the opposition to Charles I's arbitrary government. In 1627 he was imprisoned for refusing to pay the “forced loan” imposed by Charles to ...
John Pym

John Pym  

(1584–1643)English politician. He entered Parliament in 1614, and by the 1620s was making his mark, especially as a manager of the impeachment of Buckingham (1626), and as a supporter of the Petition ...
root and Branch

root and Branch  

The London Petition of 1640 demanded that the episcopal system ‘with all its dependencies, roots, and branches, be abolished’. The Petition became known as the Root and Branch Petition; and the ...
Sir Arthur Haselrig

Sir Arthur Haselrig  

(c. 1600–61).Haselrig, a Leicestershire baronet, was a leader of the parliamentary cause throughout the civil wars. A staunch puritan, educated at Cambridge and Gray's Inn, he was a close associate ...
Speaker

Speaker  

The presiding officer in a legislative assembly, especially the House of Commons; the first person mentioned as formally holding the office in the English Parliament is Sir Thomas de Hungerford (d. ...

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