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Algarve

Algarve  

Southernmost region of present-day Portugal, stretching from the mouth of the Guadiana river in the east to Cape St Vincent in the west. Its history reaches back to antiquity. Its ...
angling

angling  

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Is the art of catching fish with rod, line, and hook, with live or artificial bait. The name derives from the Old English angle, a hook. The success of Izaak Walton's The Compleat Angler (1653) ...
aquaculture

aquaculture  

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History
Farming of aquatic organisms, e.g., mollusks, fish, certain root vegetables such as water chestnuts. Rice production in paddy fields could also be described as aquaculture, at least in its early ...
Arabia

Arabia  

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History
A peninsula of SW Asia, largely desert, lying between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf and bounded on the north by Jordan and Iraq, which is the original homeland of the Arabs and the historic centre ...
Aran Islands

Aran Islands  

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Literature
A group of three islands, Inishmore, Inishmaan, and Inisheer, off the west coast of the Republic of Ireland, traditionally a stronghold of the Gaelic-speaking culture.
Atlantic fishery

Atlantic fishery  

The European-Atlantic fisheries originated in the late 1400s with the discovery by European fishermen of the stocks of cod fish on the Grand Banks and around the coasts of Newfoundland. ...
Baetica

Baetica  

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The heart of the province originally (197 bc) called Further Spain, comprising a range of sophisticated and urbanized peoples formerly controlled by Carthage. As Roman territory increased, an ...
Balaton

Balaton  

Located in western Hungary; the largest freshwater lake in east central Europe. Its name comes from the Slavic blatin’ (‘muddy’). Before the late 19th century, the lake was surrounded by ...
Baltic Sea

Baltic Sea  

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This entry contains two subentries: An Overview, Regional NaviesThe Baltic Sea, including the Gulfs of Bothnia, Finland, and Riga but excluding The Sound and the Danish straits, has an ...
banker

banker  

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History
The old name for a fishing vessel employed exclusively in the great cod fishing grounds on the Grand Banks off Newfoundland.See also fisheries.See also fisheries.
Barium

Barium  

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A Peucetian city and port. Despite a strategic position it was of only minor importance in antiquity, and was economically dependent on fishing. There are traces of Greek influence, and ...
barrels

barrels  

Wooden containers made with staves of oak and beech and with hoops made of hazelnut or chestnut. Coopers fabricated barrels by bending the staves while heating them by a wood ...
bawley

bawley  

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History
A small coastal fishing vessel or oyster dredger, peculiar to Rochester and Whitstable in Kent, and to Leigh-on-Sea and Harwich in Essex, within the Thames estuary area. They were cutter-rigged craft ...
beam

beam  

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History
A ship is said to be ‘on its beam ends’ when it has heeled over to such an extent that its deck beams are nearly vertical.
bean-cod

bean-cod  

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History
The English name, probably given in jest, to a small Portuguese vessel used for inshore and estuary fishing. It had a sharp and very high curved bow, the curve being carried round inboard at the top. ...
Bergen

Bergen  

Norwegian town. Bergen probably became a bishop’s seat and a legally confirmed urban community in the reign of King Olaf III Haraldsson (1067–93). The town grew into the all-important export ...
biological productivity

biological productivity  

The amount of organic matter, carbon, or energy content that is accumulated in a given area over a given period of time. Usually expressed in terms of weight per unit area per unit time (grams per ...
Board of Works

Board of Works  

(Office of Public Works), established in 1831, reflecting the anxiety of British politicians to promote the economic improvement of Ireland and thus to reduce poverty and disorder. Consisting of ...
Bosporus

Bosporus  

A strait connecting the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara, and separating Europe from the Anatolian peninsula of western Asia; Istanbul (originally Byzantium and then Constantinople) is located at ...
buss

buss  

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History
A fishing vessel, mainly used in the herring fisheries, broad in the beam with two, and sometimes three, masts with a single square sail on each and usually of from 50 to 70 tons, though it could be ...

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