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George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle  

(1608–70)English general, admiral, and statesman. He began his career as a Royalist and was taken prisoner during the English Civil War; however, he was then given a command by Parliament and later ...
Great Plague

Great Plague  

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History
(1664–65)A disastrous epidemic, mainly confined to London and south-east England. Bubonic plague had recurred at intervals since the Middle Ages, but there had been no serious outbreak for thirty ...
Newgate prison

Newgate prison  

Was founded during the reign of Henry I in a gatehouse of the city of London. It housed mainly serious criminals and from 1783 replaced Tyburn as the place for public executions. The prison was ...
Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys  

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Literature
(1633–1703)Best known for his famous diary of the 1660s, now handsomely edited by R. Latham and W. Matthews (10 vols, 1970–83), Pepys was an outstanding administrator at the Navy Office and in 1684 ...
Sir Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher Wren  

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(1632–1723).One of the greatest English architects. His father was the High Church Rector of Knoyle, Wilts., and he was well connected, but he was also exposed to a spirit of enquiry, and became a ...
St Paul's cathedral

St Paul's cathedral  

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Religion
The first cathedral was founded by *Æthelbert, king of Kent, on the site of a former Roman temple (604); destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt in stone (675–85) by Bishop Earconweald, but was destroyed ...

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