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fact–value distinction

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aesthetics

aesthetics  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(Greek sense perception)Kant keeps the ancient Greek usage, in which anything treating of sense perception may be called an aesthetic. The word had earlier been restricted by Baumgarten to the ...
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams

Bernard Arthur Owen Williams  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1929–2003)English philosopher. Born in Essex, Williams was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and held Fellowships at All Souls and New College. He was professor of philosophy at Cambridge from ...
critical theory

critical theory  

1. Theories associated with the neo-Marxist Frankfurt school which involve the ideological analysis of society and culture. Influenced by Marxist theory and Freudian psychoanalytic theory.2. Any ...
Daniel John O'Connor

Daniel John O'Connor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1914–)Daniel John O'Connor was born in Seattle, Washington on 2 April 1914. He studied at Birkbeck College, University of London. He entered the Civil Service in 1933. He was ...
David Wiggins

David Wiggins  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– ).Oxford philosopher specializing in metaphysics, philosophical logic, and ethics, noted for his work on identity. He challenges P. T. Geach's doctrine of the relativity of identity, advancing ...
Dom Illtyd Trethowen

Dom Illtyd Trethowen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1907–93)Dom Illtyd Trethowan received the name Kenneth at his birth in Salisbury on 12 May 1907; he died at Downside on 30 October 1993. His father was a local ...
Edward Herbert

Edward Herbert  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1582–1648), first Lord Herbert of Cherbury; philosopher and poet. He held that the essence of religion lay in five innate ideas: that there is a God; that He ought to be worshipped; that virtue is ...
evaluative

evaluative  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
An evaluative proposition or commitment is one that attributes value or the reverse to something. The philosophical difficulty is to describe what is specific to this kind of attribution. See also ...
Francis Stewart McNeilly

Francis Stewart McNeilly  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1926–86)Francis Stewart McNeilly was born in Glasgow on 12 December 1926 and died in Fife. He was educated at Paisley Grammar School and the University of Glasgow, where he ...
George Ramsay

George Ramsay  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1800–71)Ramsay was born 19 March 1800 at Edinburgh, and died 22 February 1871 at Banff House, Alyth, Perthshire. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge where he ...
Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe

Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1919–2000)English philosopher. Educated at St Hugh's College, Oxford, where she read classics and philosophy (Greats), Anscombe graduated in 1941, in which year she married the philosopher P. T. ...
Harold Osborne

Harold Osborne  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1905–87)Harold Osborne was born in Wakefield, Yorkshire on 1 March 1905 and died in Switzerland in March 1987, shortly after his eighty-second birthday. He attended Wakefield Grammar School and ...
hedonism

hedonism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The pursuit of one's own pleasure as an end in itself; in ethics, the view that such a pursuit is the proper aim of all action. Since there are different conceptions of pleasure there are ...
Hungarian philosophy

Hungarian philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In the seventeenth century there were Hungarian Cartesians, mostly Protestant divines in Transylvania. Then at the beginning of the nineteenth century counter-Reformation Jesuit philosophers and ...
John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1801–90)British theologian. He was a leading figure in the Oxford Movement, a group of people who in the 1830s attempted to reform the Church of England by restoring the high-church traditions, and ...
John Scott Haldane

John Scott Haldane  

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(1860–1936)John Scott Haldane was born in Edinburgh on 3 May 1860 and died in Oxford at midnight on 14 March 1936. He was younger brother of the statesman-philosopher Richard ...
naturalism, ethical

naturalism, ethical  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The views that (i) ethical terms are definable in non-ethical, natural terms, (ii) ethical conclusions are derivable from non-ethical premisses, (iii) ethical properties are natural properties. A ...
non-natural properties

non-natural properties  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Name given by Moore to properties, notably ethical properties, that are not natural, i.e. not the kind of property mentioned in a scientific and empirical description of the world. The existence of ...
normative

normative  

1 Prescribing or establishing norms (1) or standards; prescriptive. For example, decision theory and classical game theory are normative inasmuch as they seek to prescribe how rational decision ...
opinion

opinion  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A proposition (1) that is accepted as true without compelling grounds, therefore falling short of being a belief and far short of constituting knowledge. opine vb.

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