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abstract art

abstract art  

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A term which can generally be applied to any non-representational art (most decorative art, for example), but which is more specifically used, from the early 20th century onwards, to describe ...
Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism  

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The dominant movement in American painting in the late 1940s and 1950s, characterized by a desire to convey powerful emotions through the sensuous qualities of paint, often on canvases of huge size. ...
activism

activism  

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A term associated with the utopian but socially active wing of anti-war expressionism around the time of the First World War; playwrights Carl Zuckmayer and Johannes Becher were briefly part of the ...
Activists

Activists  

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A Hungarian artistic, literary, and political group, active from about 1914 to about 1926. It was the most important of the associations that emerged after the break-up of The Eight, Hungary's ...
Adolph Gottlieb

Adolph Gottlieb  

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(b New York, 14 Mar. 1903; d East Hampton, Long Island, NY, 4 Mar. 1974).American painter, one of the leading Abstract Expressionists. His early work was Expressionist and in 1935 he was one of the ...
Akseli Gallen-Kallela

Akseli Gallen-Kallela  

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(b Pori, 26 Apr. 1865; d Stockholm, 7 Mar. 1931).Finnish painter, graphic artist, designer, and architect. A major figure in the Art Nouveau and Symbolist movements, Gallen-Kallela travelled widely ...
Albert Pinkham Ryder

Albert Pinkham Ryder  

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(b New Bedford, Mass., 19 Mar. 1847; d Elmhurst, Long Island, NY, 28 Mar. 1917).American painter of imaginative subjects. He lived and worked most of his life as a solitary and dreamer in New York, ...
Albert Servaes

Albert Servaes  

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(1883–1966)Belgian painter, born in Ghent. He attended evening classes at the Ghent Academy, but he was essentially self-taught as a painter. In 1905 he joined the artists' community at the nearby ...
Alberto Burri

Alberto Burri  

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(b Città di Castello, Umbria, 12 Mar. 1915; d Nice, 13 Feb. 1995).Italian painter, collagist, and designer. In 1943 he was captured whilst serving as a doctor with the Italian army in north Africa ...
Aleksandr Kurbas

Aleksandr Kurbas  

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(1887–1937)Ukrainian/Soviet director whose career began as an actor in 1912. His first directorial experiments were in Kiev (1917), where he anticipated the avant-garde innovations of Meyerhold. The ...
Aleksandr Tairov

Aleksandr Tairov  

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(1885–1950)Russian/Soviet director. After a period as an actor, Tairov's first important post was at Mardzhanov's Free Theatre in 1913, where he directed his future wife Koonen in Schnitzler's The ...
Alexei von Jawlensky

Alexei von Jawlensky  

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(b Torzhok, 13 [25] Mar. 1864; d Wiesbaden, 15 Mar. 1941).Russian Expressionist painter, active mainly in Germany. Originally he was an army officer, but in 1906 he resigned his commission and moved ...
Alfred Kerr

Alfred Kerr  

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(b. Breslau, Germany, 25 Dec. 1867; d. Hamburg, 12 Oct. 1948)Theatre critic. Kerr was an enthusiastic admirer of naturalism, and therefore championed the plays of such writers as Ibsen ...
Alfred Kubin

Alfred Kubin  

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(b Leitmeritz [now Litomerice], Bohemia, 10 Apr. 1877; d Schloss Zwickledt, nr. Wernstein, 20 Aug. 1959).Austrian draughtsman, illustrator, painter, and writer. From 1906 he lived mainly at Zwickledt ...
Aline Bernstein

Aline Bernstein  

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(1881–1955),American costume and scene designer. Her first work for the stage was for the Indian play The Little Clay Cart (1924) produced by the Neighborhood Playhouse. Her designs were ...
Alwin Nikolais

Alwin Nikolais  

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(b Southington, Conn., 26 Nov. 1910; d New York, 8 May 1993)US dancer, choreographer, composer, designer, teacher, and director. He had an unconventional background for a dancer, working first as an ...
Ambroise Vollard

Ambroise Vollard  

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(b Saint-Denis, Réunion, Indian Ocean, 3 July 1866; d Paris, 22 July 1939).French dealer, connoisseur, publisher, and writer, one of the most important champions of avant-garde art in the ...
Amelia Rosselli

Amelia Rosselli  

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Literature
(1930–96).Perhaps the most important Italian woman poet of the 20th c. She was the daughter of an English mother and Carlo Rosselli, the prominent anti-Fascist assassinated near Paris on ...
Amsterdam School

Amsterdam School  

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Group of Netherlands architects influenced by Berlage and Frank Lloyd Wright, including van der Mey, Kramer, and de Klerk, who built sculptured and Picturesque brick structures much influenced by ...
Angry Penguins

Angry Penguins  

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Literature
The title of an Australian literary journal, founded in 1940 at the University of Adelaide, which was adopted as that of the modernist literary and artistic movement in Australia. Its members ...

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