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Adam

Adam  

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Overview Page
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Religion
First human being. Created to be God's vicegerent (steward) on earth. The Quran records Adam's fall from grace as the result of disobedience to God's commands but, unlike Christian tradition, the ...
Adso of Montier-en-der

Adso of Montier-en-der  

(d. 992)*Benedictine abbot and author of Libellus de Antichristo (c.950), which organizes patristic exegesis and legendary beliefs concerning the end of the world into a future ‘life’ of Antichrist ...
Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales  

(c.1185–1245)Influential Franciscan theologian and writer on logic, known as ‘Doctor Irrefragabilis’ (irrefutable doctor). Alexander taught the independence of theology, based on revelation, and ...
allegory

allegory  

A story, poem, or picture which can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
anagogical

anagogical  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[an‐ă‐goj‐ik‐ăl]Revealing a higher spiritual meaning behind the literal meaning of a text. Medieval Christian exegesis of the Bible (see typology) reinterpreted many episodes of Hebrew scripture ...
authority

authority  

Legitimate power, decision-making capacity, and the means to cause others to obey. The word applies both to the abstract quality and to the individual or organization in command.
Beatus of Liébana

Beatus of Liébana  

(d. 798)A Spanish monk in Liébana (Cantabria), who in the 8th century authored a highly influential commentary on the Apocalypse. The significance of this commentary lay not so much ...
bible epic

bible epic  

The retelling of biblical narratives using the conventions of epic, Graeco-Roman or vernacular. The transposition of biblical texts into classical genres began before the Christian era, among ...
commentary

commentary  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The tradition of adding a commentary to a text is an ancient one. The commentaries of classical antiquity, and the long line of scriptural commentaries, share a number of features ...
criticism

criticism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The reasoned discussion of literary works, an activity which may include some or all of the following procedures, in varying proportions: the defence of literature against moralists and censors, ...
David Kimhi

David Kimhi  

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Religion
(c.1160–1235).Jewish grammarian and exegete. Kimḥi was the author of the grammatical treatise Mikhlol (1532); he wrote commentaries on the books of Chronicles, Genesis, the prophetic books, and the ...
diagrams

diagrams  

A representation of relationships or information in graphical or pictorial form. For example, statistical graphs, force diagrams in mechanics and decision trees.
eisegesis

eisegesis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A comparatively modern term to describe, disapprovingly, a piece of scholarship which appears to find in a given text a significance alien to its context. This might be to provide biblical support ...
encyclopedias

encyclopedias  

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Overview Page
It was the Enlightenment which developed the modern encyclopedia. The first original Italian encyclopedia of note is the Nuovo dizionario scientifico e curioso sacro-profano of Gianfranco Pivati ...
etymology

etymology  

The study of the origins and development of words and their meanings. [From Greek etymos true + logos a word]
explication

explication  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Most generally, a synonym for explanation. More specifically, the explication of a concept is the process of revealing its nature without giving an explicit definition, but for instance by describing ...
Gematria

Gematria  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The exegetical method by which a word is equated with a different word because the two words have the same numerical value. Gematria is derived from the Greek and its resemblance to the word geometry ...
Gennadius I

Gennadius I  

(d. 471), Patr. of Constantinople from 458. In his earlier years he opposed the Christological teaching of St Cyril of Alexandria. He wrote biblical commentaries and dogmatic works. Feast day in the ...
Gospel

Gospel  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The record of Christ's life and teaching in the first four books of the New Testament; each of these books. The four Gospels ascribed to St Matthew, St Mark, St Luke, and St John all give an account ...
Haimo of Auxerre

Haimo of Auxerre  

(fl. c.840–70)Monk of St Germanus in Auxerre whose biblical exegesis is marked by originality and historical and grammatical analysis.JJCJ. J. Contreni, ‘“By Lions, Bishops Are Meant; by ...

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