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Abraham Bennett

Abraham Bennett  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(fl. 1750–1813)The imprint page of one of Abraham Bennett's works describes him as ‘one of the elders of the Universal Church’, but nothing else is known about him. His ...
aesthetics

aesthetics  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(Greek sense perception)Kant keeps the ancient Greek usage, in which anything treating of sense perception may be called an aesthetic. The word had earlier been restricted by Baumgarten to the ...
agnosticism

agnosticism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The view that some proposition is not known, and perhaps cannot be known to be true or false. The term is particularly applied to theological doctrines.
Agonshu

Agonshu  

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Religion
Modern Japanese Buddhist sect founded by Seiyū Kiriyama, who claims that the Bodhisattva Kannon (Skt., Avalokiteśvara) appeared to him in 1970 and taught him new techniques to overcome the effects of ...
Aiyaṉār

Aiyaṉār  

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Religion
A village god in Tamil Nadu who is thought to act as a night-watchman, patrolling village boundaries and dispersing evil spirits. He is a pure, vegetarian god with royal characteristics. His temples ...
Ajita Kesakambala

Ajita Kesakambala  

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Religion
One of the Six Sectarian Teachers who were contemporaries of the Buddha. His teachings are described in the Sāmaññaphala Sutta of the Dīgha Nikāya as a form of nihilism which holds there is no such ...
Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales  

(c.1185–1245)Influential Franciscan theologian and writer on logic, known as ‘Doctor Irrefragabilis’ (irrefutable doctor). Alexander taught the independence of theology, based on revelation, and ...
Alfred Cyril Ewing

Alfred Cyril Ewing  

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Philosophy
(1899–1973)A. C. Ewing was born in Leicester on 11 May 1899 and died in Manchester on 14 May 1973. He was educated at Wyggeston Grammar School in Leicester and ...
Alvin Plantinga

Alvin Plantinga  

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Philosophy
(1932– ).American philosopher known for the way in which he applies results of his work in other areas of analytic philosophy to traditional issues in philosophy of religion. In God ...
Amitāyurdhyāna-Sūtra

Amitāyurdhyāna-Sūtra  

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Religion
(‘Sūtra on Contemplation on Amitāyus’). One of the three basic sūtras of the Pure Land School (with Amitābha-Sūtra and Sukhāvatīvyūha). It describes the pure land and the moral life which prepares ...
Angels of the Churches

Angels of the Churches  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The angels of the seven Churches mentioned in Rev. 1–3.
Aṇgulimāla

Aṇgulimāla  

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Religion
The son of a Brahmin and a notorious and feared bandit who was converted in a famous encounter with the Buddha. His name, which means ‘garland of fingers’, derived from his macabre practice of ...
Antony Garrard Newton Flew

Antony Garrard Newton Flew  

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Philosophy
(1923–)Antony Flew was born on 11 February 1923 in Ealing, London, England. He attended St. Faith’s Preparatory School, Kingswood School, and St. John’s College, Oxford, where he earned a ...
Armageddon

Armageddon  

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Religion
(in the New Testament) the last battle between good and evil before the Day of Judgement; the place where this will be fought. In extended usage, Armageddon means a dramatic and catastrophic ...
Armenian literature

Armenian literature  

Armenian literature begins with the invention of an individual script by Mesrop Mas̆tocʼ (c.360–439). Although familiar with Greek and Syriac, Armenian church leaders needed a written form of ...
armour

armour  

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Military equipment designed to protect the wearer against weapons. 1. Europe. 2. Japan.The most important type of metallic armour in early medieval Europe was mail, worn over a padded ...
Arthur Ritchie Lord

Arthur Ritchie Lord  

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Philosophy
(1880–1941)A. R. Lord was born in Chudleigh, Devon on 5 February 1880, and died in Grahamstown, South Africa on 30 December 1941. He attended Balliol College, Oxford (1898–1902; first ...
atheism

atheism  

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Religion
The theory or belief that God does not exist. The word comes (in the late 16th century, via French) from Greek atheos, from a- ‘without’ + theos ‘god’.
Avadāna-Śataka

Avadāna-Śataka  

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Religion
(Skt. ‘the 100 Avadānas’).An ancient collection of tales or moral stories from the Theravāda Buddhist tradition, dating to 1st or 2nd cents. bce.
Avīci

Avīci  

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Subject:
Religion
The nethermost of the eight hot hells.reserved for the most evil beings who must endure excruciating torments there, which though not eternal seem unending as they last for millions of years.

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