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Africa

Africa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The second largest continent, extending south from the Mediterranean Sea and bounded by the Atlantic and Indian oceans and the Red Sea.Physical.The Equator passes through the middle of Africa, so ...
Ajahn Chah

Ajahn Chah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1918–92).Thai monk andmeditation teacher (ajahn) who founded the Wat Pah Pong forest retreat in Thailand. Later renamed Wat Pah Nanachat, this became a training centre for Westerners, and many of ...
Albania

Albania  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
One of the poorest of the former communist states, Albania is now moving towards the European UnionThough Albania is a coastal country, not much of its territory is at sea level. Mountains make up ...
Andalusia

Andalusia  

Southernmost province of modern Spain whose name derives from the Arabic term for the Iberian Peninsula, much of which was under Arab-Islamic rule between 711 and 1492. This rule extended ...
arms and armour

arms and armour  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Personal weapons and protective clothing used in combat or for ceremonial purposes, regarded as objects of beauty as well as of practical use. In Europe armourers have invariably been workers in ...
Aryan

Aryan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A group of Indo-European speaking people who spread through Iran and N. India in the early 2nd millenium bce. This is the so-called Aryan invasion.
Asia

Asia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The largest continent in the world, occupying a third of its land surface. Asia stretches from the Arctic to the Equator and from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Asia includes the Indian ...
Atlantis

Atlantis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A legendary island, beautiful and prosperous, which was overwhelmed by the sea. As described by Plato, Atlantis was west of the Pillars of Hercules and ruled part of Europe and Africa.
Bandkeramik

Bandkeramik  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is the term that embraces the first farming cultures of central Europe. In the 1880s, the German prehistorian Friedrich Klopfleisch identified the Linearbandkeramik on the basis of its distinctive ...
Battista Agnese

Battista Agnese  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1514–1564),Genoa-born Venetian who produced many maps and atlases between 1535 and 1564. At this time chart production in the western Mediterranean was mostly in the hands of great dynasties ...
beaker

beaker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]1 Generally, a ceramic or metal drinking vessel of suitable size and shape to hold in the hands. The precise type is normally specified by reference to form or fabric, thus butt beaker, ...
beer

beer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Alcoholic beverage made by the fermentation of cereals; traditionally barley, but also maize, rice, and sorghum. The first step is the malting of barley: it is allowed to sprout, when the enzyme ...
Bilzingsleben

Bilzingsleben  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is an open-air Lower Paleolithic lakeshore site at Steinrinne in eastern Germany, near the confluence of the Wipper and Wirbelbach rivers. It first became known as an old quarry with ...
Biskupin

Biskupin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is the site of a fortified stockade lying in west central Poland in the lake area near the town of Znin, in the valley of the river Warta. It belongs ...
bog body

bog body  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A human corpse preserved in waterlogged conditions such that skin and hair often survive but most internal organs and bones decay. Clothing also sometimes survives in such circumstances. The ...
British Isles

British Isles  

The topography of the British Isles is varied but never extreme. The mountain ranges, although they may be vital ingredients in fine landscape, rise to no very dramatic peaks—Ben Nevis ...
Buddhist Society

Buddhist Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Buddhist Society of Great Britain and Ireland with its headquarters in London is the oldest Buddhist organisation in Europe. The Society was founded in 1907 under the presidency of T. W. Rhys ...
Bulgaria

Bulgaria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Bulgaria is now politically more stable and is about to join the European UnionBulgaria has three main natural regions, each of which extends across the country from west to east. The most northerly, ...
Camps and Enclosures, Causewayed

Camps and Enclosures, Causewayed  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Causewayed enclosures are one of the major classes of field monument dating from the Neolithic Period in southern Britain. Similar enclosures are also present in continental Europe, notably in ...
Carnac

Carnac  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The site in Brittany of nearly 3,000 megalithic stones dating from the Neolithic period. They include single standing stones (menhirs), dolmens, and long avenues of grey monoliths arranged in order ...

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