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ethnocentrism

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ableism

ableism  

Discrimination against people who are not able-bodied, or an assumption that it is necessary to cater only for able-bodied people. The term was coined by US feminists in the 1980s and was later used ...
ageism

ageism  

Discrimination or prejudice against persons on the basis of their age.
attitude

attitude  

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Overview Page
The way in which a person views and evaluates something or someone. Attitudes determine whether people like or dislike things – and therefore how they behave towards them.Attitude is traditionally ...
authoritarian personality

authoritarian personality  

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Title of 1940s study by Berkeley researchers into the psychological origins of anti‐Semitism. The term was used to refer to an ‘ethnocentric’ personality pattern characterized by traits such as ...
authoritarianism

authoritarianism  

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A style of government in which the rulers demand unquestioning obedience from the ruled. Traditionally, ‘authoritarians’ have argued for a high degree of determination by governments of belief and ...
bias

bias  

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Systematic distortion of results or findings from the true state of affairs, or any of several varieties of processes leading to systematic distortion. In everyday usage, “bias” often implies the ...
cultural Imperialism

cultural Imperialism  

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Media studies
The influences of an economically dominant culture on others, typically spread through trade, the mass media, and the internet. Often applied pejoratively to the global diffusion of American brands, ...
cultural relativism

cultural relativism  

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Religion
[Th]The position that there is no universal standard to measure cultures by, and that all cultures are equally valid and must be understood in their own terms.
E scale

E scale  

A scale to measure ethnocentrism, especially the scale first published by the German philosopher, sociologist, and psychologist Theodor W(iesengrund) Adorno (1903–69) and several colleagues in the ...
ethnic

ethnic  

Of, relating to, or characteristic of a human community or group with shared historical roots and a common language, religion, and culture. Ethnic groups are often, though not always, distinguished ...
ethnography

ethnography  

The scientific study of customs, habits, and behavior of specified groups of people, usually applied to tribes or clans of people in nonliterate societies.
Eurocentrism

Eurocentrism  

A bias in which European cultural perspectives are privileged (often unconsciously, as if it were common sense) over others. Postcolonialism has exposed many of the ways in which such biases are ...
exoticism

exoticism  

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Media studies
A romanticization, fetishization, and/or commodification of ethnic, racial, or cultural otherness, as in orientalism, or primitivizing representations of the ‘noble savage’. Ethnocentric stereotyping ...
fattism

fattism  

Discrimination against people who are overweight, or the tendency to poke fun at them. The word was coined by the US psychologist Rita (Jackaway) Freedman (born 1940) in her book Bodylove (1988). ...
group identification

group identification  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In social psychology, an individual's sense of belonging to a particular social, cultural, or subcultural group. Social identity theory focuses on the contribution of group membership to the ...
heterosexism

heterosexism  

Prejudice or discrimination in favour of heterosexuals (1) and against homosexuals (1). It first appeared in a paper given to the National Council of Teachers of English in San Francisco in 1979 by ...
Lucien Lévy-Bruhl

Lucien Lévy-Bruhl  

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(1875–1913)French philosopher and social anthropologist, noted for stressing the need for empirical investigation of the categories and methods of thought of different societies, and for interpreting ...
Ludwig Gumplowicz

Ludwig Gumplowicz  

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(1838–1909)A Polish sociologist, Social Darwinist, and materialist, who argued that social evolution represented a struggle for economic resources resulting in the survival of the fittest. Because of ...
Margaret Mead

Margaret Mead  

(1901–1978)US anthropologist noted for her studies of preliterate societies and her work on the role of culture in character development.Mead studied psychology at Barnard College, where she ...
mass hysteria

mass hysteria  

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A psycho-social phenomenon whereby people in large groups behave in a similar and often emotional manner. Often used (somewhat ethnocentrically) in trans-cultural psychiatry, together with the term ...

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