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Abyssinian War

Abyssinian War  

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Overview Page
1935–6.Conflict between Abyssinia and Italy. Mussolini used a border incident in December 1934 at Walwal as a pretext for pursuing his aim of imperial expansion in north Africa. The Italians invaded ...
Afar

Afar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Ethnic group found in parts of Djibouti, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, also known as Danakil, Denakil, and Adal.Approximately 1.5 million people belong to the Afar ethnic group, mostly in the ...
Agaw

Agaw  

Ethnic group of the Horn of Africa, also known as the Agau and Agew.The Agaw primarily inhabit central and northern Ethiopia and Eritrea. They speak an Afro-Asiatic language in ...
Aksum

Aksum  

A town in the province of Tigré in northern Ethiopia. It was a religious centre and the capital of a powerful kingdom during the 1st–6th centuries ad. According to ancient Aksumite tradition their ...
Amhara

Amhara  

Ethnic group of Ethiopia.The Amhara, one of the two largest ethnic groups of Ethiopia, occupy central and western Ethiopia. Traditionally, the Amhara have been the country's dominant people—all but ...
Asmara

Asmara  

Capital and largest city of Eritrea.Asmara is located in a highland region of Eritrea that was settled roughly 700 years ago. It is believed to have been the site ...
Beja

Beja  

Ethnic group comprising several smaller subgroups of people who live mostly in Sudan, Eritrea, western Ethiopia, and southern Egypt; also known as Bega or Bujah.Inhabiting the area between the ...
Bilin

Bilin  

Ethnic group of the Horn of Africa, also known as Bilen, Belen, Bogo, and Gabra Tarqwe Qur.The Bilin primarily inhabit western Eritrea and the Tigray Province of Ethiopia. Large ...
Bisharin

Bisharin  

Ethnic group of Sudan and Eritrea.The Bisharin inhabit northeastern Sudan and neighboring Eritrea. They speak an Afro-Asiatic language and are one of the larger Beja peoples. Some 40,000 people ...
Clothing in Africa

Clothing in Africa  

As elsewhere, clothing in Africa has long served more than one purpose. In addition to satisfying human needs for covering and adornment, textiles and clothing provide media for artistic expression ...
Coastal Resources in Africa

Coastal Resources in Africa  

Natural resources along the African coast and their management.Relative to other continents, Africa has steep coastlines and few broad coastal plains, beaches, or natural harbors due to its central ...
Djibouti

Djibouti  

A city-state that serves as a transit point for neighbouring countriesThough there are mountains in the north of this small country, most of Djibouti consists of a bare arid plateau—one of the ...
Electoral Supervision

Electoral Supervision  

Most would agree that democracy is the “fundamental standard of political legitimacy in the current era” (Held, p. xi). Elections are the hallmark—the essential procedural minimum—of democracy. They ...
Ethiopia

Ethiopia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Was a name usually applied by the Greeks to any region in the far south. Early Greek interest in Ethiopia was largely concerned with the source of the Nile. From Herodotus onwards ‘Ethiopia’ ...
Ethiopian Church

Ethiopian Church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. Christianity was introduced into Ethiopia in the 4th cent. by St Frumentius (q.v.) and Edesius of Tyre, and in the early 6th cent. the kingdom of Axum in N. ...
Food in Africa

Food in Africa  

Patterns of food production and consumption in Africa.Africa’s regional diets and culinary patterns, or foodways, vary on the basis of ecology, culture, class, and other factors. Climate and ...
Globalization and Africa: An Interpretation

Globalization and Africa: An Interpretation  

Africa’s encounter with globalization has already spawned two widely-quoted phrases: “When the West catches a cold, Africa gets pneumonia,” and “The winds from the east are shaking the palm trees.” ...
Hadendowa

Hadendowa  

Ethnic group of Sudan; also known as the Hadendiwa and the Hendawa.The Hadendowa primarily inhabit Sudan and Eritrea between the Atbarah River and the Red Sea. They speak an ...
Haile Mariam Mengistu

Haile Mariam Mengistu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1937– )Ethiopian soldier and politician; President of Ethiopia (1987–91). An army officer, Mengistu first came to prominence in 1974, when the army staged a successful coup against the regime of ...
Hunger and Famine

Hunger and Famine  

Conditions of severe and potentially life-threatening food deprivation.Famine struck Africa several times during the twentieth century, and famine and hunger continued to threaten parts of the ...

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