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A. J. Ayer

A. J. Ayer  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1910–1989)British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.Born in London, Ayer was ...
Aberdeen Philosophical Society

Aberdeen Philosophical Society  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Also known as the Wise Club, the Aberdeen Philosophical Society was founded in January 1758 and continued to meet until the spring or early summer of 1773. The Society was ...
Abraham Wolf

Abraham Wolf  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1876–1948)Abraham Wolf was born in Russia and died on 19 May 1948. He was educated at University College London and at St John's College Cambridge. Wolf spent most of ...
acquaintance

acquaintance  

Acquaintance is an intimate way of being in a subject's perspective.In every familiar case, a conscious subject has a perspective on the world. From time to time, various things ...
action

action  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
What an agent does, as opposed to what happens to an agent (or even what happens inside an agent's head). Describing events that happen does not of itself permit us to talk of rationality and ...
action research

action research  

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Overview Page
Learning by doing. A particular type of applied research that often involves researchers and practitioners working closely together, in which a group of people identifies a problem, does something to ...
agnoiology

agnoiology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Greek, ignorance)The study of ignorance. An increasingly important branch of epistemology.
agnosticism

agnosticism  

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Subject:
Religion
The view that some proposition is not known, and perhaps cannot be known to be true or false. The term is particularly applied to theological doctrines.
Alan Ker Stout

Alan Ker Stout  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–83)Alan Ker Stout was born in Oxford on 9 May 1900 and died in Hobart, Tasmania on 20 July 1983. He was the only child of G. F. Stout ...
Alan Robert Lacey

Alan Robert Lacey  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1926–)A. R. Lacey was born in Birmingham on 17 May 1926. He was educated at St Edward's School, Oxford (1939–44). Two years in the army followed. He studied at ...
Alexander Boyce Gibson

Alexander Boyce Gibson  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–72)Alexander Boyce Gibson was born in London on 10 March 1900 and died in Melbourne on 2 October 1972. He graduated in classics from Melbourne before studying philosophy at ...
Alfred Cyril Ewing

Alfred Cyril Ewing  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1899–1973)A. C. Ewing was born in Leicester on 11 May 1899 and died in Manchester on 14 May 1973. He was educated at Wyggeston Grammar School in Leicester and ...
Alfred North Whitehead

Alfred North Whitehead  

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Philosophy
(1861–1947)British mathematician, logician, and metaphysician.The son of a clergyman, Whitehead was born in Ramsgate, Kent, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he remained as student, ...
Alic Halford Smith

Alic Halford Smith  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1883–1958)Alic Smith was born in India and died in Oxford on 13 July 1958. He was educated at Dulwich College and New College, Oxford, where he achieved a first ...
Alienation, Aesthetic

Alienation, Aesthetic  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The thesis of aesthetic alienation is that as a result of art's becoming an autonomous practice, the domain of the aesthetic is separated, alienated, from its own cognitive and normative ...
Allen Phillips Griffiths

Allen Phillips Griffiths  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1927–)A. Phillips Griffiths, known to the philosophical world as ‘Griff’, was born in Llandaff on 11 June 1927. After school in Cardiff, leaving Whitchurch Cardiff Grammar in 1943, he ...
Amartya Kumar Sen

Amartya Kumar Sen  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– )Nobel prize-winning economist and social theorist. Educated at Presidency College, Calcutta and then at Trinity College Cambridge, Sen used the time of a Junior Research Fellowship to study ...
ancient philosophy

ancient philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
‘Ancient philosophy’ is the conventional title, in Europe and the English-speaking academy, for the philosophical activities of the thinkers of the Graeco-Roman world. It includes a succession of ...
ancient scholarship

ancient scholarship  

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GreekIn one sense of the term, scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early ...
Anthony Clifford Grayling

Anthony Clifford Grayling  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1949–)Anthony Grayling was born in Luanshya, Zambia on 3 April 1949. He grew up in the English expatriate community of Central and East Africa, which afforded him eclectic philosophical ...

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