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Abdalkder Alloula

Abdalkder Alloula  

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(1923–94)Algerian actor and director. At Théâtre National Algérien he staged an adaptation of Gogol's Diary of a Madman (1971) and his own play El-Khobza (The Bread, 1972), which set ...
acting

acting  

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Overview Page
In the twentieth century the process of acting underwent more thorough analysis and experimentation than at any other time in the history of Western theatre. Previously, written reflections on the ...
agon

agon  

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Greek word meaning ‘contest’, used to define the conflict which lies at the heart of Greek tragedy, transmuted into a clash between two principal characters, sometimes with a hint of ...
Alberto Isola

Alberto Isola  

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(1953– )Peruvian actor, director, and member of Ensayo in Lima (1983). He studied at Peru's Catholic University, Milan's Piccolo Teatro School, the Drama Centre in London, and Eugenio Barba's ...
Alfred Kerr

Alfred Kerr  

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Literature
(b. Breslau, Germany, 25 Dec. 1867; d. Hamburg, 12 Oct. 1948)Theatre critic. Kerr was an enthusiastic admirer of naturalism, and therefore championed the plays of such writers as Ibsen ...
alienation effect

alienation effect  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A term used to describe attempts by author or director to prevent the reader or audience from identifying with, trusting, or taking for granted what is happening in the text or on stage: such devices ...
Arthur Adamov

Arthur Adamov  

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(1908–1970)Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved ...
Bangladesh

Bangladesh  

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History
A tropical low-lying country of the Indian subcontinent.Physical.Situated at the head of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh is mainly occupied by the deltas of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. It is a land ...
Berliner Ensemble

Berliner Ensemble  

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Theatre company founded in 1949 in East Berlin by Brecht and his wife Helene Weigel. It was first housed at the Deutsches Theater and in 1954 moved to the Theater ...
Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht  

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Literature
(1898–1956),German dramatist and poet who emigrated to the US during the Fascist period, then settled in 1949 in East Berlin. His early plays show kinship with Expressionism. Die Dreigroschenoper ...
bourgeois theatre

bourgeois theatre  

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A cultural phenomenon which emerged during the rise of the European bourgeoisie in the eighteenth century. In Marxist parlance ‘bourgeois’ refers to the legal owners, or the managerial and state ...
Brechtian

Brechtian  

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An adjective which attests to the influence of the dramaturgy, practice, and theory of Bertolt Brecht in the twentieth century and beyond. The term has tended to be used in ...
Caryl Churchill

Caryl Churchill  

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Literature
(1938– ),playwright, born in London, and educated at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. Most of her plays, predominantly radical and feminist in tone, have been performed at the Royal Court Theatre, in ...
Caspar Neher

Caspar Neher  

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(1897–1962)German designer, whose career was inextricably linked with that of his schoolfriend Bertolt Brecht. From 1918 to 1922 Neher studied in Munich. His first stage design was for Kleist's ...
Christian Dietrich Grabbe

Christian Dietrich Grabbe  

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Literature
(1801–36)German dramatist. The author of historical dramas on a grand scale, Grabbe remained largely unperformed in his short lifetime. Works such as the two-play cycle The Hohenstaufens (1827), ...
Compagnie des Quinze

Compagnie des Quinze  

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Highly reputed and influential French stage company (1929–34). The artistic descendant of Jacques Copeau's company, its main emphasis was on acting and not scenic spectacle. Its first director was ...
Das Rote Sprachrohr

Das Rote Sprachrohr  

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Literally ‘The Red Mouthpiece’, the most important German agitprop theatre during the Weimar Republic. Founded by M. Vallentin and members of the Communist Youth Organization, the company's ...
didactic theatre

didactic theatre  

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While most theatre contains aspects that can be considered educational, didactic theatre places a discernible emphasis on instruction. In common with political and therapeutic theatre, of which it ...
documentary

documentary  

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Literature
Either television, film, video, or radio programme dealing with factual material rather than fictional material, usually with some defined goal to create new insight or exposure to facts.
documentary drama and theatre

documentary drama and theatre  

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Plays written, compiled, or even improvised directly from ‘documentary’ sources became a feature of many theatre cultures during the twentieth century. Radio, film, and particularly television also ...

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