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Acts of John

Acts of John  

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Religion
An early Greek apocryphal treatise describing events in the life of the Apostle St John. A fragment, discovered in 1886, contains an account of Christ's passion in Docetic language, and a hymn known ...
Acts of the Apostles

Acts of the Apostles  

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Religion
A New Testament book immediately following the Gospels and relating the history of the early Church, and in particular the missionary journeys of St Paul and others.
Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great  

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[Na]Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of Greece in 336 bc. ...
Amazon

Amazon  

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Mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to impede ...
Angels of the Churches

Angels of the Churches  

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Religion
The angels of the seven Churches mentioned in Rev. 1–3.
Apollo

Apollo  

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In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Leto and brother of Artemis. He is associated with music, poetic inspiration, archery, prophecy, medicine, pastoral life, and the sun; the sanctuary at ...
Apollonius of Perga

Apollonius of Perga  

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(c.262 bc–c.190 bc) Greek mathematicianApollonius moved from his birthplace Perga (now in Turkey) to study in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, possibly under pupils of Euclid. Later he taught in ...
Apollos

Apollos  

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A ‘learned’ Jew of Alexandria, apparently already a Christian, though ‘knowing only the baptism of John [the Baptist]’ (Acts 18: 24–5). M. Luther and others have argued that he was the author of the ...
Aquila and Prisc(ill)a

Aquila and Prisc(ill)a  

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Evicted from Rome in 49 ce when the emperor Claudius expelled Jews after disturbances about Christianity. They met Paul in Corinth (Acts 18: 2) and afterwards he stayed with them in Ephesus.
art, funerary, Greek

art, funerary, Greek  

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Archaic period(c.700–c.480). The period's chief innovations were the funerary statue and carved gravestone. Kouroi (standing, usually nude, youths) marked graves on Thera by c.630. Funerary korai ...
Artemidorus

Artemidorus  

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(fl. 104–101 bc),a Greek of Ephesus, voyaged along Mediterranean shores, outer Spain (and Gaul?), and in Alexandria (1) wrote eleven geographical books (Περίπλους, Τὰ γεωγραφούμενα, Γεωγραφίας ...
Artemidōrus

Artemidōrus  

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(mid/late 2nd cent. ad),of Ephesus but called himself ‘of Daldis’ after his mother's native city in Lydia, whose chief deity Apollo instigated his work on predictive dreams. His Onirocritica, the ...
Artemis

Artemis  

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In Greek mythology, a goddess, daughter of Zeus and sister of Apollo. She was a huntress and is typically depicted with a bow and arrows, and was also identified with Selene, goddess of the moon; her ...
Artemisia

Artemisia  

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Early 5th‐cent. bcruler, under Persian suzerainty, over Halicarnassus and Cos. In the Persian Wars Artemisia accompanied Xerxes' expedition with five ships. Acc. to the Halicarnassian Herodotus, she ...
Asia

Asia  

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History
The largest continent in the world, occupying a third of its land surface. Asia stretches from the Arctic to the Equator and from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Asia includes the Indian ...
Asia, Roman province

Asia, Roman province  

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Attalus III of Pergamum bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans. After his death in 133 bc it was constituted as provincia Asia. Originally it consisted of Mysia, Troas, Aeolis, Lydia, Ionia (see ...
asiarchs

asiarchs  

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Religion
Officials (NRSV) in the Roman province of Asia. They were well disposed towards Paul at Ephesus (Acts 19: 31—‘dignitaries of the province’, REB).
Aydin

Aydin  

(᾽Αϊδίνης), a Turkish emirate in Anatolia that emerged in the late 13th C. from the breakup of the Seljuk sultanate of Rūm. It was most probably named after its founder ...
baths

baths  

[Co]A feature of all Roman towns and cities as well as private houses throughout the empire. From the 1st century bc onwards, the tradition of bathing became a major social institution. See thermae.
Bible, the English

Bible, the English  

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Religion
Apart from paraphrases attributed to Caedmon and the translation by Bede of part of the Gospel of St John, the earliest attempts at translation into English of the Holy Scriptures are the 9th‐ and ...

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