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Aldo Leopold

Aldo Leopold  

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USecologist, forester, and environmentalist (1887–1948) who many people regard as the father of wildlife ecology. He was a gifted writer, and is best known as author of the book A Sand County Almanac ...
Amazon Development

Amazon Development  

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Natural resource extraction has dominated regional economies of the Brazilian Amazon. During the rubber boom from the 1860s to 1910 and other, briefer episodes of prosperity, regional business elites ...
Antarctica

Antarctica  

The fifth largest and by far the coldest of the seven continents. It is centred on the South Pole, located mostly within the Antarctic Circle, covered with ice (which in places is more than 2000 ...
Biological Sciences.

Biological Sciences.  

The biological sciences encompass a wide range of objects and problems—from cells to whales, from eating to evolution. The degree to which these studies have been perceived as a cohesive ...
Black Elk

Black Elk  

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Religion
(1863–1950)Nicholas Black Elk is the most famous American Indian religious thinker of the twentieth century. He was a member of the Oglala tribe of the Lakotas (popularly known as ...
Blueprint for Survival

Blueprint for Survival  

A book published by The Ecologist in 1971 as a manifesto for radical changes in lifestyle and patterns of economic development, which had a significant impact on attitudes towards the environment, ...
Business associations

Business associations  

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Business associations are organisations funded by firms or business members. Such associations typically provide services and various kinds of support to member firms. They also act in the public and ...
cancer

cancer  

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A malignant neoplasm (including both carcinoma and sarcoma) which arises from the abnormal and uncontrolled division of cells and which invades and destroys the surrounding tissues. The primary ...
Centers for Disease Control.

Centers for Disease Control.  

(CDC)The US federal government facility based mainly in Atlanta, Georgia, that provides investigative and educational facilities in most branches of public health sciences, serving the United States ...
Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh  

(1902–1974), U.S. flier, aviation consultant, author, and conservationist.An army‐trained pilot who also flew the mail, Lindbergh achieved world fame in 1927 for his New York–to–Paris flight, the ...
chemical Industry

chemical Industry  

The most significant concentration of chemical manufacturing activity in Ireland during the 18th and 19th centuries was oriented towards supplying the linen industry with chemicals for finishing and ...
Chernobyl

Chernobyl  

A town near Kiev in Ukraine where, in April 1986, an accident at a nuclear power station resulted in a serious escape of radioactive material, and the subsequent contamination of Ukraine, Belarus, ...
conservation Movement.

conservation Movement.  

Launched in 1908 as a national crusade, the conservation movement involved the wide range of concerns later embraced by the environmental movement. Its intellectual origins date to the western land ...
Dams and Hydraulic Engineering.

Dams and Hydraulic Engineering.  

In colonial America, small streams powered rural grist mills and sawmills. In the early nineteenth century, entrepreneurs built factories powered by the flow of large rivers; the Lowell mills in ...
Economic Regulation.

Economic Regulation.  

The objectives of economic regulation are usually mixed: to achieve an appropriate balance between efficiency and equity, to steer acquisitive human urges into productive channels, and to strike ...
ENERGY CRISIS OF THE 1970s.

ENERGY CRISIS OF THE 1970s.  

The energy crisis of the 1970s damaged the American economy and decisively affected presidential politics. Retaliating for Western support of Israel in the October 1973 Mideast War, Arab members of ...
environmental Movements

environmental Movements  

A political movement that focuses on protecting the environment, reducing environmental damage (such as pollution), and reducing unsustainable use of natural resources. See also environmentalism.
Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection Agency  

(EPA)The federal agency in the USA that was created in 1970 and is responsible for efforts to protect human health and to control air and water pollution, radiation and pesticide hazards, ecological ...
Europe–Australia

Europe–Australia  

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Australia–Europe relations began with European settlement more than 200 years ago, by mainly British and Irish settlers and convicts, and developed as Australia's immigrant communities arrived from ...
Federal Regulatory Agencies.

Federal Regulatory Agencies.  

The first federal regulatory agency was the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC). Created in 1887 after decades of controversy over “the railroad problem,” the ICC in many ways served as a ...

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