Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

entablature

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 73 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

abacus

abacus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[Ar]The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the entablature. The abacus resembles in form the flat slab on which it was ...
abuse

abuse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 Violation of established uses in Classical architecture.2 Corruption of form. Abuses according to Palladio included brackets, consoles, or modillions supporting (or seeming to support) a major ...
aedicule

aedicule  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(pl. aedicules, aediculae).1 Shrine or sacellum within a temple cella, either a large niche or a pedestal supporting two or more columns carrying an entablature and pediment thus forming a frame or ...
Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1508–80).One of the most gifted, professional, and intelligent of architects working in Italy in C16, whose work provided the models for the Palladian style (Palladianism) and had a profound effect ...
Antonio Niccolini

Antonio Niccolini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1772–1850) Italian architect.His enlargement of the Villa Floridiana, near Naples (1817–19), is a rather derivative combination of the villas of Palladio and the English picturesque landscape, but ...
arch Order

arch Order  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1 Engaged columns, bases, pedestals, and entablature attached to an arcuated structure as in a triumphal arch, or a series of superimposed Orders and arches as in the Roman Colosseum.2 Successive ...
architrave

architrave  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The lowest of the three main parts of an entablature that rests on the abacus of a column. The term is used more loosely to describe the moulded frame that surrounds a door or window. It can also be ...
architrave cornice

architrave cornice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Entablature (usually of the Ionic Order) with no frieze.
atlas

atlas  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(pl. atlantes)A sculpted male figure functioning as a column or other supporting feature in architecture, particularly popular in the Baroque period. In Greek mythology, Atlas was the giant who held ...
attic

attic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A room inside or partly inside the roof of a building. The architectural term originated in the late 17th century, meaning a small Order (column or entablature) above a taller one. When spelt with a ...
Attic Order

Attic Order  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subordinate Order, perhaps of pilasters, adorning the front of an Attic storey over the main entablature, and lining up with the Orders used below.
Baldassare Peruzzi

Baldassare Peruzzi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1481–1536).Italian uomo universale of the High Renaissance, influenced by Bramante and Raphael. His first great building was the Palazzo della Farnesina, Rome (1505–11), an exquisite house ...
bed

bed  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Prepared horizontal surface with a layer of mortar on which bricks, stones, tiles, etc., lie; also the under-surface in contact with the mortar-layer. The bed-joint is therefore where those surfaces ...
Bernardo Buontalenti

Bernardo Buontalenti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1531–1608) Italian architect, engineer, and sculptor.As well as being a competent designer of military architecture, Buontalenti had a varied career, designing very inventive grottoes (at the ...
block-cornice

block-cornice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Italian Renaissance entablature with a series of plain undecorated modillions treated as corbels supporting a normal cornice, often with the bed-mouldings suppressed, or converted into a simplified ...
cartouche

cartouche  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An ornamental panel shaped as a scroll or piece of paper with curling edges, usually bearing an inscription and sometimes ornately framed.
caryatid

caryatid  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A carved female figure, usually clad in long robes, serving as a column. They were first used in Greek architecture and the most famous caryatids are on the Erechtheum at Athens (c.421–406 bc). The ...
chambranle

chambranle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Frame-like embellishments around apertures such as doors, fireplaces, niches, and windows, the equivalent of an architrave, and having the same profile as the entablature architrave. Its vertical ...
Chersiphron

Chersiphron  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(fl.c.560 bc).Crete-born architect (with Theodoros of Samos) of the foundations and colonnades of the archaic Ionic temple of Artemis at Ephesus (c. 565–550 bc). His son, Metagenes, continued the ...
colonnade

colonnade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Series of columns in a straight line supporting an entablature: when standing before a building, supports a roof, and serves as a porch, it is a portico; and if it is carried around three or four ...

View: