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Aeterni Patris

Aeterni Patris  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1879). The encyclical of Leo XIII commending to the Church the study of philosophy, and especially the work of St Thomas Aquinas.
Benedict XV

Benedict XV  

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Religion
(1854–1922), Pope from 1914. Elected Pope shortly after the outbreak of the 1914–18 War, he protested against inhuman methods of warfare and made strenuous efforts to bring about peace. In 1917 he ...
Encyclical

Encyclical   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
201 words

(lit. “circular”), in the narrow sense of the word, a formal pastoral letter sent by the pope to the entire

encyclical

encyclical   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
125 words

A word originally meaning ‘circular letters’ (Latin: litteræ encyclicæ) and applied in the early Church to generally circulated letters

Encyclical

Encyclical   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
33 words

(Gk., en, ‘in’, + kyklos, ‘circle’).

A pastoral letter intended for circulation among all the churches of an

encyclical

encyclical   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

a papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek ...

John Paul II

John Paul II  

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Religion
1920–2005)Polish-born pope (1978–2005) whose many travels abroad included a visit to Britain (1982) and tours of his native country (1979, 1987, and 1991).Wojtyla was born in Wadowice, Poland, the ...
John XXIII

John XXIII  

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Religion
1881–1963)Pope (1958–63) who, by convening the Second Vatican Council (1962–65), set in motion the process of ‘aggiornamento’ – bringing the Catholic Church up to date to meet the demands of the ...
Kirchenkampf

Kirchenkampf  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Germ., ‘church struggle’).The conflict between German churches and the Nazi state. The Barmen Declaration of 1934 by the Confessing Church rejected any outside control of the church, and succeeded ...
Leo XIII

Leo XIII  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1810–1903).Pope from 20 Feb. 1878. Born Giocchino Vincenzo Pecci, he was sent to Perugia as archbishop in 1845. He immediately set about improving the education of his clergy, and ...
Mater et Magistra

Mater et Magistra  

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Religion
An encyclical issued by John XXIII on 15 May 1961 to mark the 70th anniversary of Rerum Novarum. It began to break the ties between the Roman Catholic Church and ...
Modernism

Modernism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A movement in the RC Church which aimed at bringing Catholic belief into closer relation with modern philosophy, the historical and other sciences, and social ideas. It arose spontaneously in several ...
Osservatore Romano

Osservatore Romano  

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Religion
(Ital., ‘The Roman Observer’).A newspaper founded in 1861 and owned by the Vatican. It publishes the official text and authorized Italian translation of encyclicals and other Papal documents, the ...
Pacem in Terris

Pacem in Terris  

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Subject:
Religion
An encyclical letter of Pope John XXIII, dated 11 Apr. 1963, on the achievement of peace through the establishment of justice. It argues that peace can be established in the ...
papal documents

papal documents  

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For types of document issued by the Pope or Papal Chancery, among many other litteræ ecclesiasticæ, some relating to England, see brief, bull, decretal, dimissorials, and encyclical.
Quadragesimo Anno

Quadragesimo Anno  

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Religion
An encyclical issued on 15 May 1931 by Pius XI on the fortieth anniversary of Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum, an encyclical concerned with the ordering of society and of economic ...
Rerum Novarum

Rerum Novarum  

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Religion
(1891). An encyclical of Leo XIII, intended to apply traditional Catholic teaching to the conditions created by the Industrial Revolution. On the ground that society originated in the family, it ...
Summi Pontificatus

Summi Pontificatus  

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Religion
The encyclical issued by Pius XII on 20 Oct. 1939 expounding the bearing of Catholic principles on such matters as the growth of secularism, the brotherhood of man, the state ...
Testament of Our Lord in Galilee

Testament of Our Lord in Galilee  

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Subject:
Religion
An apocryphal document, written c.150, in the form of an encyclical sent out by the Apostles. It purports to record conversations between them and the Risen Christ.
Thomism

Thomism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The philosophy of Aquinas, and its development particularly in the Catholic tradition. See also Neo-Thomism.

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