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Aborigine

Aborigine  

An original inhabitant of Australia. The Aborigines comprise several physically distinct groups of dark‐skinned hunter‐gatherers who arrived in prehistoric times and brought with them the dingo. ...
Aceh

Aceh  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Province of Indonesia in northern Sumatra. Some historians believe that Islam first came to Indonesia through Aceh in approximately the ninth century and that Aceh was the site of the first Muslim ...
Anglo-Afghan Wars

Anglo-Afghan Wars  

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Overview Page
A series of wars between Afghan rulers and British India. The first occurred (1838–42) when Britain, concerned about Russian influence in Afghanistan, sent an army to replace Dost Muhammad with a ...
Anglo-Burmese Wars

Anglo-Burmese Wars  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1824–26; 1852–53; 1885)Conflicts between British India and Burma. In 1824 a threatened Burmese invasion of Bengal led to a British counter‐invasion, which captured Rangoon and forced the cession to ...
Angola

Angola  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Angola's economy is growing thanks to oil exports but the country still faces a long period of post-war reconstruction.Angola has a dry coastal plain which is at its broadest in the north where it ...
Broken Road

Broken Road  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A. E. W. Mason, 1907, Smith, Elder.A familiar theme of Empire fiction—the folly of educating ‘the native’—is explored with more sympathy than usual, and with some understanding of the ...
Cambodia

Cambodia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Decades of war and political upheaval tore Cambodia apart. Democracy has been established but is fragileThree-quarters of Cambodia consists of a large central plain, through which passes the Mekong ...
Cameroon

Cameroon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Most people have seen little benefit from the exploitation of natural resourcesCameroon can be divided into four main regions. First, there is a coastal belt with mangrove forests and swamps that ...
CD Acts

CD Acts  

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Overview Page
The first of the British Contagious Diseases (or CD) Acts was passed in 1864, as an exceptional measure intended to protect the health of soldiers and sailors in eight garrison ...
Central African Republic

Central African Republic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A landlocked country in Africa stretching west-to-east from Cameroon to the Sudan and south-to-north from humid equatorial forests bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo to the savannah plains of ...
Civilizing Mission

Civilizing Mission  

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Overview Page
[This entry includes two subentries, on the British and French colonial empires. See also Empire and Imperialism.]All expansionist societies that have sought to dominate foreign states and peoples, ...
Cochin China

Cochin China  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The southern region of Vietnam, centred on the Mekong delta. It was so called to distinguish it from Cochin in India. The home of people akin to the Khmers, it was not fully absorbed by the ...
colonialism

colonialism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
[Th]The process whereby western nations established their rule in parts of the world away from their home territories.
Condominium Agreement

Condominium Agreement  

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Overview Page
The collapse of the Mahdist state in 1898 presented the British government with a dilemma: Who should govern the Sudan? The Anglo-Egyptian conquest had been undertaken for two purposes: (1) ...
conquest

conquest  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The acquisition by military force of enemy territory followed by its formal annexation after the cessation of hostilities. It does not include the acquisition of land as a term of a peace treaty ...
Cuba

Cuba  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Cuba now has elements of a market economy. Political change has been slower.Around one-quarter of Cuba's territory is mountainous, with three main systems, of which the most extensive is the Sierra ...
Cultivation System

Cultivation System  

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Overview Page
The cultivation system— also referred to as the culture system, cultuurstelsel—was the revenue system imposed by the Dutch colonial government in Indonesia during the nineteenth century.Herman W. ...
Cultural Export in East Asia

Cultural Export in East Asia  

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Overview Page
Throughout most of East Asian history, China played the role of cultural exporter to the smaller societies of Korea, Vietnam, and Japan on its periphery, spreading ideas about practical statecraft ...
cultural Imperialism

cultural Imperialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The influences of an economically dominant culture on others, typically spread through trade, the mass media, and the internet. Often applied pejoratively to the global diffusion of American brands, ...
decolonization

decolonization  

This term, while not one of art in international law, is frequently employed in U.N. practice to connote the process whereby territories evolve from colonial status to full sovereign statehood. ...

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