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Ralph Ellison

(1914—1994)

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African American literature

African American literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The body of writing or performed art produced by African slaves and their descendants in America. One of its earliest forms was the slave narrative where the author describes the ...
Albert Murray

Albert Murray  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1916), essayist, novelist, and cultural critic.Albert Murray's contribution to African American literature has established the value and importance of the blues idiom as the basis for approaching ...
An American Dilemma

An American Dilemma  

(1944).Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy ranks among the most important studies of American race relations. The “American Negro Problem,” Myrdal argued, lay ...
Amiri Baraka

Amiri Baraka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1934– )African American playwright, poet, and activist born in Newark, New Jersey, as Everett LeRoi Jones. Throughout his career he has used his writing as an extended polemic against American ...
Barry Beckham

Barry Beckham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1944), novelist and publisher.Barry Beckham began his first novel, My Main Mother (1969), while he was a senior at Brown University, completing it while living in New York City. He returned to ...
Big Sea

Big Sea  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Langston Hughes's first volume of autobiography (1940) covers the years of his life from his birth in 1902 to the spring of 1931. Fundamentally episodic, The Big Sea is a succession of brief ...
Carolivia Herron

Carolivia Herron  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1947), educator, novelist, and short fiction writer.Carolivia Herron was born in Washington, D.C. She earned her BA in English literature from Eastern Baptist College, an MA in English from ...
Cecil Brown

Cecil Brown  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1943), novelist and short story and script writer.Cecil Brown has not been a prolific writer; indeed, the bulk of his literary reputation rests on his first novel, The Life and Loves of Mr. ...
Charles R. Johnson

Charles R. Johnson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1948– )African American novelist, born in Evanston, Illinois, who was active as a cartoonist in the 1960s before publishing his first novel, Faith and the Good Thing, in 1974. In ...
Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
1920–1955)Black US jazz saxophonist, often nicknamed ‘Bird’. In spite of his short life, he was one of the most important jazz musicians of his generation.He grew up in Kansas City, during the time ...
Claude Brown

Claude Brown  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1937–2002), autobiographer, writer, and social commentator.Claude Brown was born in New York City on 23 February 1937 to Henry Lee and Ossie Brock Brown, South Carolinians who had come north in 1935 ...
Dorothy West

Dorothy West  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1912–1998),American novelist, born in Boston, the daughter of a successful black businessman; she was educated at the city's Girls' Latin School and studied journalism at Columbia University. Her ...
E. Lynn Harris

E. Lynn Harris  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1955–2009), novelist.Developing a Black male homosexual canon empowered E. Lynn Harris to testify to his experiences and spark conversation on an often taboo topic. Growing up in Little Rock, ...
Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,272 words

Although he published relatively little (several stories, two collections of essays, some prefaces, and one novel) in his lifetime, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph (b. 1 March 1914)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
978 words

(b. 1 March 1914; d. 16 April 1994),

essayist and author of Invisible Man (1952),

Ellison, Ralph [Waldo]

Ellison, Ralph [Waldo] (1914–94)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
122 words

(1914–94),

Oklahoma-born author, a student at Tuskegee Institute (1933–36), was a visiting professor of creative writing,

Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph (1914–1994)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
89 words
a student at Tuskegee Institute (1933–36), has been a visiting professor of creative writing, black culture, and humanities at various major universities, but is best known for his ... More
Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Reference library

John F. Callahan

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
376 words
(1914–1994), novelist and essayist. Born in Oklahoma City, the grandson of slaves, Ralph Waldo Ellison played trumpet as a youth and later studied composition at Tuskegee ... More
Ellison, Ralph

Ellison, Ralph   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
(1914–1994), African-American novelist and essayist, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He studied music at Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, and worked for some time as a jazz musician ... More
Ernest J. Gaines

Ernest J. Gaines  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1933–),Louisianaborn author, since age 13 resident in the San Francisco Bay area, has drawn on his background for stories of blacks in his native state. His novels include Catherine Carmier (1964); ...

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