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Achilles Tatius

Achilles Tatius  

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Greek novelist from Alexandria, author of ‘The Story of Leucippe and Cleitophon’ (Ta kata Leukippēn kai Kleitophōnta) in eight books. Shown by papyri to be circulating by the late 2nd cent. ad, it ...
Adulis

Adulis  

On the west coast of the Red Sea (at Zulla in Annesley Bay near Massawa), was used by Ptolemy II and III for elephant-hunts (see elephants), and became an important ...
Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great  

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[Na]Leader of the Macedonians. Born in 356 bc, Alexander was tutored in his early years by Aristotle before succeeding his father Philip as king of Macedonia and the mainland of Greece in 336 bc. ...
Apameia

Apameia  

(᾽Απάμεια) on the Orontes River, now Arab village of Qalʿat al-Muḍīq in modern Syria; capital city and metropolitan bishopric of the province of Syria II that was formed between 413 and 417.[...]
Ardea

Ardea  

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A city of the Rutuli, a Latin people. Although 4.5 km. (3 mi.) from the sea, it served as a port for Latium. First settled in the bronze age, its ...
battle of Magnesia

battle of Magnesia  

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The decisive battle of the war between Rome and the Seleucid Antiochus III was fought near Magnesia by Mt. Sipylus in Lydia, in 189 bc. The nominal Roman commander was Cornelius Scipio Asiagenes, ...
battle of Raphia

battle of Raphia  

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Takes its name from a town in southern Palestine where Ptolemy (1) IV defeated Antiochus (3) III (23 June 217 bc). Ptolemy had 5000 cavalry and 73 African elephants, but ...
battle of Zama

battle of Zama  

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Zama is the name given to the final battle of the Second Punic War, though it was not actually fought near any of the places so called. Hannibal had perhaps 36,000 infantry, 4,000 cavalry and 80 ...
Berenice

Berenice  

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The name of several Ptolemaic dynastic foundations. Among the best known are:(a) Berenice (mod. Benghazi), the westernmost Cyrenaican city, founded in the mid-3rd cent. bc (exact date and ...
Caecilius Metellus, Lucius

Caecilius Metellus, Lucius  

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(RE 72)consul 251 bc, served in Sicily where, in June 250, he won a great victory over the Carthaginians at Panormus, capturing many elephants (the coins of the Caecilii ...
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species  

An international agreement, launched under the auspices of the IUCN in 1975, designed to regulate trade in endangered wildlife and thus help to conserve those species. It has been signed by 132 ...
Cornēlius Scīpiō Aemiliānus Africānus (Numantīnus), Publius

Cornēlius Scīpiō Aemiliānus Africānus (Numantīnus), Publius  

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B. 185/4 bc as second son of Aemilius Paullus (2), adopted as a child by Cornelius Scipio, son of Cornelius Scipio Africanus. In 168 he fought under Paullus at Pydna. Back in Rome, he met Polybius, ...
elephant

elephant   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
186 words

Largest land animal, the only surviving member of the mammal order Proboscidea, which included the mammoth and the mastodon.

elephant

elephant   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
the elephant is the largest living land animal, and is taken as a type of something of great size and weight. The Indian elephant was traditionally used as a beast of burden and in the ... More
Elephants

Elephants   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,100 words
Illustration(s):
2

[This case study focuses on the threats to elephants as a result of heavy hunting, human density, and land

Elephants

Elephants   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

For prehistoric and ancient Egypt, there are records of the presence of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) on

Elephants

Elephants   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
366 words

(sing. ἐλέφας). The Byz. knew both the African and Indian elephant; Kosmas Indikopleustes (3:353–54) distinguished between the Indians, who domesticated

Elephants

Elephants   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Mammals (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
6,457 words
Illustration(s):
8

Modern elephants are the largest extant land mammals; they have the biggest brains in the animal kingdom, live as long

Elephants

Elephants   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
3,385 words

Cave and rock pictographs and petroglyphs of mammoths and elephants dated to 30,000–10,000 years ago show these large animals have

elephants

elephants   Reference library

John F. Lazenby

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
553 words

Although *ivory was known to the prehistoric Greeks and is mentioned in *Homer, they first encountered war-elephants at ...

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