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Sergei Eisenstein

(1898—1948) Soviet film director

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agitprop

agitprop  

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Overview Page
Formed from the title of the Department of Agitation and Propaganda founded in 1920 in Soviet Russia, Agit-prop was intended to control the ideological thinking of the masses. Agit-prop trains toured ...
Blue Blouse

Blue Blouse  

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Theatrical movement that began with an agitational theatre group in Moscow in 1923, taking its name from the workers' clothes which it adopted as a basic costume. Both the name ...
Charles Laughton

Charles Laughton  

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(1899–1962)British-born actor who became a US naturalized citizen in 1950. He is remembered for a series of outstanding character performances in the cinema.The son of a hotelier, Laughton was born ...
circus

circus  

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In 1919 the Georgian artist Nikolai Foregger lectured the Union of International Artists of the Circus on his conviction in a renaissance of the circus. He evoked theatre as the ...
Eastern theatre, its influence on the West

Eastern theatre, its influence on the West  

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Unlike Western theatre, many of the theatrical forms of the East can claim continuous acting traditions stretching back over several centuries, during which the precise details of the acting have ...
eccentrism

eccentrism  

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A brainchild of the St Petersburg avant-garde, who in July 1922 published ‘The Eccentric Manifesto’. Proclaiming that they stood for ‘art without a capital letter, a pedestal or a fig ...
Evgeny Zamyatin

Evgeny Zamyatin  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1884–1937)Russian prose writer, critic, and playwright. He is best known for his anti‐Utopian novel We (1920–1), which was influenced by H. G. Wells and in turn influenced Orwell. Zamyatin ...
film

film  

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History
Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon  

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(1909–1992)British painter, whose powerful and original pictures with their lurid colour and distorted figures convey a personal vision of the repulsiveness and horror of the human condition.Bacon ...
Friedrich Schiller

Friedrich Schiller  

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Literature
(1759–1805),German dramatist and lyric poet, and one of the principal figures of the Sturm und Drang period and of German Romanticism in general. He was deeply influenced by Shakespeare, and greatly ...
Igor Terentiev

Igor Terentiev  

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(1892–1941)Russian/Soviet theatre practitioner and exponent of the eccentric grotesque, in a tradition established by Grigory Kozintsev and Leonid Trauberg, who published their ‘Eccentrism’ manifesto ...
mass performances

mass performances  

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Large-scale Soviet theatrical presentations, usually in the open air and involving large numbers of participants. Their origins reach back to primitive rituals and mass festivities, such as the Greek ...
Mei Lanfang

Mei Lanfang  

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(1894–1961),Chinese actor, the only one to become known outside his own country. The son and grandson of actors, he began his stage training at the age of 9 and ...
montage

montage  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
[French monter ‘to assemble’]1. Most broadly, in European film-making, a synonym for editing. The process of editing shots into a sequence and/or the editing of sequences into the form of a complete ...
Nikolai Foregger

Nikolai Foregger  

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(b 18 Apr. 1892; d Kuibyshev, 8 Jun. 1939)Russian drama director and ballet master. He invented and taught his own system of physical movement, and as director of his own ensemble (1921–5) created ...
Nikolai Okhlopkov

Nikolai Okhlopkov  

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(1900–67)Russian/Soviet actor and director. Okhlopkov joined Meyerhold's Moscow troupe, acting in Tarelkin's Death (1922), Bubus the Teacher (1925), and Roar, China! (1926). Deeply committed to the ...
Oberiu

Oberiu  

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Russian/Soviet organization and movement, an acronym for Obshchestvo real'nogo iskusstva (Association for Real Art). Founded by Daniil Kharms, Aleksandr Vvedensky, and others in 1927, its goal was to ...
proletcult

proletcult  

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An abbreviation for ‘proletarian culture’ (Russian, proletar-skaya kul'tura), the slogan and title adopted by a movement of cultural revolution and popular education in the Soviet Union, launched in ...
Russian Aesthetics

Russian Aesthetics  

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Subject:
Philosophy
To examine the relationship between Russian art and aesthetics, this entry comprises three essays:Religious AestheticsRussian FormalismSocialist RealismThe first essay pays particular attention to ...
Sergei Tretyakov

Sergei Tretyakov  

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(b. Kuldiga, Latvia, 20 June 1892; d. Moscow, 20 Sept. 1937)Playwright. A brilliant pianist, artist and futurist poet, he was enthused by the Bolshevik Revolution, and collaborated closely with ...

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