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Dwight D. Eisenhower

(1890—1969) American general and Republican statesman, 34th President of the US 1953–61

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Aachen

Aachen  

(town, palace) West central German town, known for its hot springs. Aachen’s significance is linked to Charlemagne, who created a Carolingian palace complex there, where he was buried. Successive ...
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.  

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(b. New Haven, Connecticut, 29 Nov. 1908; d. Miami, Florida, 4 Apr. 1972)US; member of the US House of Representatives 1945–66, 1969–70 Although Adam Clayton Powell was to become a flamboyant figure ...
Adlai Stevenson

Adlai Stevenson  

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(b. Los Angeles, 5 Feb. 1900; d. London, 14 July 1965)US; Governor of Illinois 1949–53, Democratic presidential candidate 1952, 1956 Stevenson took a BA at Princeton University and an LL B at ...
airborne warfare

airborne warfare  

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The first concept for the use of American airborne troops occurred during World War I in 1918, when Gen. Billy Mitchell proposed a mass drop of paratroopers against German trenches ...
Albert C. Wedemeyer

Albert C. Wedemeyer  

(1896–1989), World War II general and diplomat.A native of Omaha, Nebraska, Wedemeyer graduated from West Point in 1919. His service in the regular army included tours in the Philippines ...
Allen Welsh Dulles

Allen Welsh Dulles  

(1893–1969), lawyer, foreign service officer, and intelligence official.The grandson of one secretary of state and nephew of another, Dulles entered the foreign service in 1914. He spent World War ...
Allied Expeditionary Air Force

Allied Expeditionary Air Force  

All of the military personnel (the armies, navies, and air forces), equipment and weaponry, medical staff, support and maintenance supplies, and so on brought together by the Allied Powers during ...
Allied Expeditionary Force

Allied Expeditionary Force  

AEF official designation of the Allied forces assembled in England to carry out the mission of invading the European continent and undertaking operations to defeat Germany and her allies. Supreme ...
Allied Forces Headquarters

Allied Forces Headquarters  

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(AFHQ).Formed in August 1942 as Eisenhower's HQ for the North African campaign, it then became the HQ for the supreme commander in the Mediterranean theatre. It was based in ...
Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories

Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories  

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(AMGOT).The rules annexed to the Hague Convention state that an occupying army must ensure public order and safety. To comply, the Allies formed AMGOT for the military government of ...
amphibious warfare

amphibious warfare  

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Warfare consisting of attacks launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked in ships or craft and involving the landing and establishing of forces on a hostile shore.[...]
Ardennes campaign

Ardennes campaign  

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(also called Battle of the Bulge) (16–26 December 1944) The last serious German counter offensive against Allied armies advancing into Germany in World War II (Normandy Campaign). It resulted from a ...
Arleigh Burke

Arleigh Burke  

(1901–1996),American World War II combat commander and Cold War chief of naval operations. Arleigh Albert Burke remains best remembered for commanding destroyers in the Solomon Islands in 1943, where ...
armistice

armistice  

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ˈärmistisn. an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
arms control

arms control  

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N. international disarmament or arms limitation, especially by mutual consent.
Army Combat Branches: Armor

Army Combat Branches: Armor  

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The motto of the U.S. Army's armor branch is “The Combat Arm of Decision.” Equipped with tanks and supported by infantry, artillery, helicopters, and air forces, armor units close with and destroy ...
Army Combat Branches: Infantry

Army Combat Branches: Infantry  

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The infantry is the oldest and most important of the U.S. Army's combat arms. Its insignia consists of crossed muskets, Model 1795; its motto is “Follow Me.” Its primary mission is to close with and ...
Army Reserves and National Guard

Army Reserves and National Guard  

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The Army Reserve originated in the National Defense Act of 1916, which established the Officers' Reserve Corps (ORC), the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), and an Enlisted Reserve Corps (ERC). ...
Army-McCarthy Hearings

Army-McCarthy Hearings  

(1954)The televised hearings that investigated alleged communist infiltration of the U.S. Army diminished public support for Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (Republican–Wisconsin) and led to his censure ...
Arthur Radford

Arthur Radford  

(1896–1973), World War II admiral and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS).Born in Chicago, Arthur Radford graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1916. Following his designation ...

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