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Egyptian deities

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Aesop

Aesop  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(6th cent. bc),probably a legendary figure, to whom tradition attributes the authorship of the whole stock of Greek fables which became known to the West in the Renaissance through the 14th‐cent. ...
Akhenaten

Akhenaten  

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Overview Page
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History
(14th century bc)Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (1379–1362bc). The husband of Nefertiti, he came to the throne as Amenhotep IV, and after six years introduced the monotheistic solar cult of ...
Amun

Amun  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A supreme god of the ancient Egyptians, identified with the sun god Ra, and in Greek and Roman times with Zeus. As a national god of Egypt he was associated in a triad with Mut and Khonsu. A variant ...
Androgynes

Androgynes  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Androgynes (from the Greek andros, meaning “man,” and gune, meaning “woman”) are half male and half female. In mythology they can appear as hermaphrodites—usually with female breasts and male ...
Anubis

Anubis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In ancient Egyptian theology, the god of mummification, protector of tombs, usually represented as having a jackal's head.
Apis

Apis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Di]Egyptian god, the sacred bull of Memphis, a form of Ptah‐Osiris. Recognized by a blaze on the forehead, marks on the tongue, and certain hairs on the back. Buried in Serapeum at Sakkara which was ...
Apopis

Apopis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Apopis (Apophis, Apep) was the Egyptian serpent that attempted every night to overcome the barque of the sun god as it made its nightly passage through the Duat, the underworld ...
Asherah.

Asherah.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A Canaanitish goddess; a tree-trunk or wooden post symbolizing this goddess, found in high places devoted to the worship of Baal.
Astarte

Astarte  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Phoenician goddess of love. This is the name which Byron gives to his half‐sister Augusta Leigh in his drama Manfred.
Aton

Aton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Aton (Aten), represented by the solar disk, was the already existing aspect of the sun cult taken up by the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep IV, who renamed himself Akhenaton (Akhenaten) ...
Atum

Atum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Di]Egyptian god, one of the great creator gods of Egypt. Main cult centre Heliopolis, but worshipped all over Egypt. Always represented in human form as a man leaning on a stick. An ancient god who ...
Atum-Re

Atum-Re  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Atum-Re is one of the many combinations of high gods in Egyptian mythology. For some Egyptians the mutual assimilation of Atum and the solar god Re (Ra) represented the setting sun.[...]
Audumla

Audumla  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
As the de facto mother of the gods in Norse mythology, the primal cow Audumla reminds us of the Egyptian cow mother-goddess Hathor. Created from the primal ice, Audumla suckled ...
Bastet

Bastet  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Egyptian mythology, a goddess usually shown as a woman with the head of a cat, wearing one gold earring.
Bes

Bes  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Egyptian mythology, a grotesque god depicted as having short legs, an obese body, and an almost bestial face, who dispelled evil spirits.
Book of Going Forth by Day

Book of Going Forth by Day  

Toward the beginning of the Egyptian New Kingdom, a collection of funerary spells was compiled to help people negotiate the world of eternal life after death. The Egyptians called this ...
Bubastis

Bubastis  

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Overview Page
The local cat-goddess of Bubastis (mod. Tell Basta), also worshipped elsewhere in Egypt (see Herodotus 2. 60, 66–7). Analysis of Ptolemaic cat-mummies has shown that cats bred for dedication were ...
bulls

bulls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the ancient Near East bulls were often prominent as cult objects and their strength and procreative power were not lost on the Israelites. When Jeroboam I tried to wean the divided kingdom away ...
Cadmus

Cadmus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Greek mythology, the brother of Europa and traditional founder of Thebes in Boeotia. He killed a dragon which guarded a spring, and when (on Athene's advice) he sowed the dragon's teeth there came ...
Canaanite mythology

Canaanite mythology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The middle of the second millennium had seen the flourishing of major Canaanite centers along the Mediterranean coast, centers roughly contemporaneous with those of the Mycenaeans in Greece. Some of ...

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