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Umberto Eco

(b. 1932) Italian novelist and semiotician

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Alfabeta

Alfabeta  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1979–88).Monthly periodical edited in Milan by a group of intellectuals which included Balestrini, Antonio Porta, Eco, and Corti. It adopted the format, title, and distribution methods of a ...
aura

aura  

According to Benjamin (1936), the distinctive singularity of an original work of art, the potency of which he attributed to its authenticity, presence, uniqueness, and historical context. He argued ...
beauty

beauty  

The central place of beauty in Plato's thought is witnessed in the Dialogues Phaedrus and Symposium. The perception of beauty induces anamnesis, a recollection of previous acquaintance with the ...
Bompiani

Bompiani  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Milanese publishing firm founded in 1929 by Valentino Bompiani, formerly an editor at Mondadori. It is notable for its many translations of American and British literature, its Almanacco letterario ...
Charles Sanders Peirce

Charles Sanders Peirce  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1839–1914)American philosopher of science and language. Peirce was the son of the distinguished Harvard mathematician Benjamin Peirce, and educated to a mistrust of metaphysical reasoning, compared ...
code

code  

1 A numerical and/or alphabetical system for organizing and classifying information and data.2 A formal statement of acceptable ways for members of a defined professional group to behave, i.e., a ...
Ernst Cassirer

Ernst Cassirer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1874–1945)German Neo-Kantian, who resigned as Rector of Hamburg University in 1933, and subsequently taught at various universities in England and the United States. His main ambition was to develop ...
Francesco Leonetti

Francesco Leonetti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1924– ).Militant intellectual, poet, and novelist, associated with several important literary periodicals since the 1950s. As a student in Bologna, Leonetti published his first book of poetry, Sopra ...
glossematics

glossematics  

Louis Hjelmslev's name for his theory of language. Like Ferdinand de Saussure, one of his key inspirations, Hjelmslev took the position that language is arbitrary in relation to the real world, which ...
heterotopia

heterotopia  

‘The coexistence in an impossible space of a large number of fragmentary possible worlds’ (M. Foucault1967). Cyberspace is a good example. See Soja in S. Watson and K. Gibson, eds. (1995).
hyperreality

hyperreality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In a mediated context, an artificially created copy that is perceived as somehow more real than the real thing, or too real to be real: modelled on reality but with an exaggerated intensity, such ...
Il Nome della rosa

Il Nome della rosa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1980).Umberto Eco's first novel and his most successful commercially and aesthetically. Its plot centres on a murder investigation carried out in 1327 by an English Franciscan with Sherlock Holmes ...
il verri

il verri  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Literary periodical (always written in lower-case), with a strong philosophical component, founded as a quarterly in Milan in 1956 by Luciano Anceschi. It attracted many of the writers and ...
lipogram

lipogram  

A written text from which a specific letter is absent throughout. The most ambitious example is the 50,000-word novel Gadsby (1939) by Ernest Vincent Wright (1872–1939) in which the letter e, ...
Louis Hjelmslev

Louis Hjelmslev  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1899–1965), Danish linguist, founder and leader of the Linguistic Circle of Copenhagen.He counts as one of the major exponents of European structural linguistics after Saussure. He founded ...
Luigi Natoli

Luigi Natoli  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1857–1941).Novelist and journalist, who wrote scrupulously researched historical novels set in his native Sicily, under the name William Galt. The most successful, I Beati Paoli (1909–10), relates ...
Luigi Pareyson

Luigi Pareyson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1918–1991), Italian philosopher.Italian philosophy, particularly in the twentieth century, derives much of its fascination and importance from the way in which philosophical theories, such as, to ...
Neoavanguardia

Neoavanguardia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Avant-garde movement, dated approximately 1956–68, in Italian literature, but not covering all avant-garde art of this period, and termed ‘neo’ to distinguish it from the ‘historic’ avant-gardes (as ...
open and closed work

open and closed work  

Italian semiotician and novelist Umberto Eco proposed this binary in his 1959 essay ‘L'opera in movimento e la coscienza dell'epoca’, translated as ‘The poetics of the open work’, to describe works ...
phantasmagoria

phantasmagoria  

A fantastic or dreamlike sequence of real or imagined images. See also phantasticant. phantasmagoric or phantasmagorical adj. [From French phantasmagorie production of phantasms, from Greek phantasma ...

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