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early modern period in Europe

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act

act  

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One of the more or less equal divisions of Western plays, conventionally numbering one to five, usually marked by some combination of (a) an interruption of chronological continuity, (b) a ...
Adelaide Ristori

Adelaide Ristori  

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(1822–1906), actress.The great Italian tragedienne was usually perceived as the successor to Rachel on international stages. She began the first of several American tours in 1866 as Medea, and ...
Alexandre Hardy

Alexandre Hardy  

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Literature
(c.1575–c.1631),the first professional French playwright, attached to the company under Valleran-Lecomte which settled at the Hôtel de Bourgogne, where his plays, of which about 40 survive from a ...
Allardyce Nicoll

Allardyce Nicoll  

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(1894–1976),Scottish theatre historian, successively Professor of English Language and Literature in London and Birmingham Universities. As head of the Department of Drama at Yale University, he ...
anagnorisis

anagnorisis  

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Literature
[an‐ag‐nor‐ĭs‐is](plural‐ises)The Greek word for ‘recognition’ or ‘discovery’, used by Aristotle in his Poetics to denote the turning point in a drama at which a character (usually the protagonist) ...
applause

applause  

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Music
Spectators' appreciation for performances has often been demonstrated through the clapping of hands. Applause is part of a larger set of social behaviours intimately related to the reception of ...
Arabic drama

Arabic drama  

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Although in much of the Arabic world a performance tradition goes back many centuries and involves such activities as public storytelling, shadow puppetry, satiric monologues, and many forms of dance ...
audience control

audience control  

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Throughout the history of the theatre, practitioners have attempted a variety of physical, psychological, and policing strategies to influence, direct, and regulate the audience's experience of ...
audience dress

audience dress  

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Codes and practices of audience dress reveal significant information about the role and status of performance in different historical moments and in different cultures. Within a single performance ...
auto sacramental

auto sacramental  

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Spanish term for the religious play in the vernacular which derived from the Latin liturgical drama. Although its development followed in general that of the mystery play, it had by ...
ballet

ballet  

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Music
Entertainment in which dancers, by use of mime, etc., perform to mus. to tell a story or to express a mood. The ballet was largely developed in the courts of Fr. and It. during the 16th and 17th ...
ballet de cour

ballet de cour  

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Music
(Fr.).Fr. court ballet of the 17th cent. The Balet comique de la royne, comp. for the marriage festivities of the Duc de Joyeuse and the sister of the queen of Fr. in 1581 is considered the first of ...
Bartolomé de Torres Naharro

Bartolomé de Torres Naharro  

(c.1485–c.1530)Spanish playwright. Ordained a priest in Italy and heavily influenced by Italian writers of the early modern period, he was the author of a collection of comedies together with ...
Berlin

Berlin  

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Berlin airlift an operation by British and American aircraft to airlift food and supplies to Berlin in 1948–9, while Russian forces blockaded the city to isolate it from the West and terminate the ...
Bibiena family

Bibiena family  

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Italian painters, architects, and scenographers. Students of the baroque, an age that loved illusion, they adopted an exuberant style that made use of new architectural forms, ornate columns, trompe ...
Carl Andreas Paulsen

Carl Andreas Paulsen  

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(1620–?)German actor who managed the first important German group of strolling players from 1650 to 1687. Born in Hamburg, Paulsen was probably university educated. The repertoire of his troupe ...
carnival

carnival  

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A period of public revelry at a regular time each year, as during the week before Lent in Roman Catholic countries, involving processions, music, dancing, and the use of masquerade. Recorded from the ...
catharsis

catharsis  

The process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions. The notion of ‘release’ through drama derives from Aristotle's Poetics.The word comes from Greek katharsis, ...
Chamberlain's Men

Chamberlain's Men  

Formed in 1594, based initially at the theatre, and drawing actors from the Admiral's men, this acting company is strongly associated with Shakespeare, and performed most of his plays. In ...
Christopher Marlowe

Christopher Marlowe  

(1564–93).English playwright, poet, and spy. Born in Canterbury, he was educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. His plays, beginning with Dido, Queen of Carthage (c.1587), are energetic, ...

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