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Alan Ker Stout

Alan Ker Stout  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–83)Alan Ker Stout was born in Oxford on 9 May 1900 and died in Hobart, Tasmania on 20 July 1983. He was the only child of G. F. Stout ...
Alfred Cyril Ewing

Alfred Cyril Ewing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1899–1973)A. C. Ewing was born in Leicester on 11 May 1899 and died in Manchester on 14 May 1973. He was educated at Wyggeston Grammar School in Leicester and ...
Arnold Toynbee

Arnold Toynbee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1852–83)Arnold Toynbee was born in Savile Row, London on 23 August 1852 and died in Wimbledon on 9 March 1883. Two unexpected events shaped his formative years and later ...
Arthur Henry Hallam

Arthur Henry Hallam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1811–33),became a close friend of Tennyson, and after his early death, the subject of Tennyson's poem In Memoriam. His Remains, edited by his father Henry Hallam in 1834, contain work of distinction ...
Beatrice Webb

Beatrice Webb  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1858–1943),married Sidney Webb (1859–1947), the son of a London shopkeeper, in 1892. Both were leading spirits in the Fabian Society, and they produced jointly numerous works on social history, ...
Benjamin Hoadly

Benjamin Hoadly  

(1676–1761),bishop successively of Bangor, Hereford, Salisbury, and Winchester, much in favour with the Whigs and Queen Caroline, whose famous sermon ‘The Nature of the Kingdom or Church of Christ’ ...
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams

Bernard Arthur Owen Williams  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1929–2003)English philosopher. Born in Essex, Williams was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, and held Fellowships at All Souls and New College. He was professor of philosophy at Cambridge from ...
breach of statutory duty

breach of statutory duty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Breach of a duty imposed on some person or body by a statute. The person or body in breach of the statutory duty is liable to any criminal penalty imposed by the statute, but may also be liable to ...
Coluccio Salutati

Coluccio Salutati  

(1331–1406),Influential Italian humanist. He was born in Stignano in Florentine territory near Lucca (Valdinievole), and spent his youth in Bologna, where his family lived in exile. From 1375 until ...
court

court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
N.1 A body established by law for the administration of justice by judges or magistrates.2 A hall or building in which a court is held.3 a. The residence of a sovereign. b. The sovereign and her (or ...
customs duty

customs duty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A charge or toll payable on certain goods exported from or imported into the UK. Customs duties are charged either in the form of an ad valorem duty, i.e. a percentage of the value of the goods, or ...
Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1660–1731),born in London, the son of James Foe, a butcher. He changed his name to Defoe from c.1695. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view to the ministry, but ...
David Fordyce

David Fordyce  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1711–51)Scottish moral philosopher, and professor at Aberdeen. His Dialogues Concerning Education (1745–8) were described by an anonymous biographer as ‘somewhat tinged by the fopperies of the ...
deontology

deontology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. a theoretical approach to ethical questions in which moral obligation is seen as arising from certain unvarying rules and principles, which are universal, i.e. they should be followed irrespective ...
Dhuoda

Dhuoda  

(fl. 824–43)Frankish aristocrat and wife of Bernard, duke of Septimania. She authored the Liber manualis (841–3), a book of religious education and practical moral advice for her absent son ...
dilemma, moral

dilemma, moral  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A moral dilemma is a confrontation with an obligatory choice between two (or more) practical options, each one dictated by a different ethical principle – each option usually being considered as a ...
director

director  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.An officer of a company appointed by or under the provisions of the articles of association. Directors may have a contract of employment with the company (service directors and managing directors) ...
Economy and Taxis

Economy and Taxis  

In Byzantine thought, the two words taxis (order, hierarchy) and oikonomia (management, arrangement, compromise or measure of “economy” in the technical sense of the term) served to convey two ...
Edgar Frederick Carritt

Edgar Frederick Carritt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1876–1964)E. F. Carritt was born in Highgate on 27 February 1876 and died in hospital in Ascot on 19 June 1964. The son of a London solicitor, he was ...
Edmund Burke

Edmund Burke  

(1729–97).British statesman and writer. His A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1756) was of enormous importance in creating a move from Classicism to ...

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