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Alexandre Dumas

(1824—1895)

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Adelaide Ristori

Adelaide Ristori  

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Overview Page
(1822–1906), actress.The great Italian tragedienne was usually perceived as the successor to Rachel on international stages. She began the first of several American tours in 1866 as Medea, and ...
Adolphe Montigny

Adolphe Montigny  

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(c.1812–1880)French actor, playwright, and manager, also known under the name Lemoine-Montigny. He made his debut at the Comédie-Française in 1829, although he never received much recognition on the ...
Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1802–70)French novelist and dramatist. A pioneer of the romantic theatre in France, he achieved fame with his historical dramas, such as Henry III et sa cour (1829). His reputation now rests on his ...
Alfred de Musset

Alfred de Musset  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1810–57)French poet and dramatist. The youngest and most original of the romantic playwrights, Musset was little performed in his lifetime. After the failure of La Nuit vénitienne (1830), many ...
Bocage

Bocage  

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(1797–1863)French actor. Bocage failed to gain acceptance at the Comédie-Française, but began a successful career at the Porte-Saint-Martin. Lacking the robust stage presence of Lemaître, he was ...
Bussy D'Ambois

Bussy D'Ambois  

A tragedy by Chapman, written ?1604, published 1607. The most famous of Chapman's plays.Bussy D'Ambois (in real life Louis de Bussy‐d'Ambois), a man of insolence and fiery courage, is raised from ...
Cardinal Richelieu

Cardinal Richelieu  

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Religion
(1585–1642), French theologian and politician. He was created a cardinal in 1622; he became President of the Council of Ministers in 1624 and from 1629 he was chief minister of France. Seeking to ...
Chunliu She

Chunliu She  

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The Spring Willow Society, the first Chinese Western-style theatre group. In 1907 a group of Chinese students in Tokyo performed an act from The Lady of the Camellias by Dumas ...
Constant-Benoît Coquelin

Constant-Benoît Coquelin  

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(1841–1909),French actor, known as Coquelin aîné to distinguish him from his brother Ernest-Alexandre-Honoré (1848–1909), also an actor, known as Coquelin cadet. They were both at the ...
drame

drame  

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Overview Page
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Literature
[dramm]The French word for drama, applied more specifically by Denis Diderot and later writers to plays that are intermediate between comedy and tragedy. Diderot outlined his theory of the drame in ...
Eleonora Duse

Eleonora Duse  

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(1858–1924), actress.The greatest Italian player of her age, she made her American debut in 1893 as Marguerite Gautier in La Dame aux Camélias. This tour was followed by several ...
Émile Augier

Émile Augier  

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(1820–89),French dramatist, one of the first to revolt against the excesses of the Romantics. After a few plays in verse, he found his true vocation in writing domestic prose-dramas ...
Franco Zeffirelli

Franco Zeffirelli  

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(b. Florence, Italy, 12 Feb. 1923)Director and designer. Zeffirelli began his career acting in Visconti films, and later became his assistant director and designer for films and theatrical ...
Frédérick Lemaître

Frédérick Lemaître  

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(1800–76)French actor. Frédérick (from early in his career he used the single name) started in the boulevard theatres, where he contributed to the success of popular melodrama. He had ...
George Tsypin

George Tsypin  

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(1954– )American scenographer, born in Kazakhstan. Layers of visual references, multimedia technology, and an archi-tectural approach to space characterize his work. Tsypin won a French set design ...
Gustavo Modena

Gustavo Modena  

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Overview Page
(1803–61)Italian actor-manager and political activist. Modena's greatest roles were in Saul by Alfieri and Louis XI by Delavigne. From 1843 to 1846 he headed an extremely influential company; his ...
James O'Neill

James O'Neill  

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(1845–1920)Irish-American actor. Born in County Kilkenny during the famine, at age 6 his family emigrated to Buffalo, New York, where his father deserted them. At 20 James started acting ...
Jules Janin

Jules Janin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1804–74)French journalist. The foremost dramatic critic of his generation, Janin started his journalistic career at Le Figaro, before moving to the Journal des débats, where he produced the weekly ...
La Revue des deux mondes

La Revue des deux mondes  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A celebrated French monthly review which first appeared in 1829 and which continues to be published today. Under the editorship (1831–77) of François Buloz it became one of the leading ...
Ligier

Ligier  

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Overview Page
(1796–1872)French actor. Famous as much for his strong voice as for his small stature, Ligier specialized in sinister roles, making his debut as Néron in Racine's Britannicus at the ...

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