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Guillaume Dufay

(c. 1400—1474) French composer

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Adam of Fulda

Adam of Fulda  

(c.1445–1505) German composer and theorist.His De musica offers important perspectives on 15th-century music, praising Du Fay and Binchois while complaining about uneducated minstrels. His German ...
Antoine Busnois

Antoine Busnois  

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Music
(b c.1430; d Bruges, 1492).Fr. composer. May have been pupil or colleague of Ockeghem. Was for long in service of Charles the Bold (who became Duke of Burgundy in 1467) and after Charles's death in ...
Binchois

Binchois  

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Music
(b ?Mons, c.1400; d Soignies, 20 Sept. 1460).Burgundian composer. He is first heard of as an organist at the church of Ste Waudru, Mons, in 1419. In 1423 he ...
cantus firmus

cantus firmus  

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Overview Page
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Music
(Lat.).Fixed song. A melody, usually taken from plainsong, used by composers in 14th–17th cents. as the basis of a polyphonic comp. and against which other tunes are set in counterpoint. Also, in ...
contenance angloise

contenance angloise  

Fifteenth-century term describing the ‘English manner’ of musicians such as Dunstable, then adopted by Burgundian composers (Du Fay and Binchois). It is taken as referring to the new (typically ...
counterpoint

counterpoint  

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Music
Made‐up Latin for counterpoint and used by J. S. Bach instead of ‘fugue’ as a heading for the movts. of his Die Kunst der Fuge.
English music

English music  

The Old Hall manuscript, the Trent Codices, and the works of John Dunstaple and Lionel Power all suggest that the early fifteenth century was a period of great activity in ...
faburden

faburden  

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Subject:
Music
A type of improvised polyphony, chiefly in parallel motion, in 6-3 chords with 8-5 chords at the beginnings and ends of phrases, popular in England from the 15th century to ...
Flemish music

Flemish music  

With the sole exception of Sweelinck, the creative musical life of the Netherlands was centred in the southern provinces, where a succession of composers created one of the richest musical ...
formes fixes

formes fixes  

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Subject:
Literature
Fixed patterns of text and tune—strophic with refrain—in courtly and popular French dance-songs (13th–14th centuries), which developed into the principal forms of 14th–15th-century French lyric ...
Gaspar van Weerbeke

Gaspar van Weerbeke  

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Music
(b Oudenaarde, c.1445; d after 1517).Flemish composer. Spent his time in service of ducal chapel in Milan, papal chapel in Rome, and at Burgundian court. Wrote cycles of motets to replace normal ...
Hermann Finck

Hermann Finck  

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Music
(b Pirna, 1527; d Wittenberg, 1558).Ger. organist and composer of motets, etc. Wrote treatise Practica Musica (1556), which deals with plainsong, canons, the modes, and performing practice.
Italian music

Italian music  

After the flowering of Italian polyphony in the ars nova, the focus of attention switched to northern Europe until Dufay, Obrecht, Josquin Desprès, and Heinrich Isaac moved south. Italian secular ...
Johannes Ockeghem

Johannes Ockeghem  

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Music
(b c.1410; d ?Tours, 1497).Fr.‐Flemish composer. In 1443 was singer in Notre Dame, Antwerp, and was member of chapel of Duke of Bourbon at Moulins, nr. Dijon, 1446–8. About 7 years later was at Fr. ...
John Dunstaple

John Dunstaple  

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Music
(bc.1390; d24 Dec. 1453).English composer. His biography is obscure. According to his epitaph (which firmly establishes the date of his death), he was respected in his lifetime as an ...
Josquin Desprès

Josquin Desprès  

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Music
(b ?Picardy, c.1440; d Condé‐sur‐l'Escaut, Hainaut, 1521).Fr.‐Flemish composer. Possibly a pupil of Ockeghem. From c. 1459 to 1504 was in It., first as singer in Milan Cath. and employee of Sforza ...
Kyrie

Kyrie  

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Subject:
Religion
A short repeated invocation (in Greek or in translation) used in many Christian liturgies, especially at the beginning of the Eucharist or as a response in a litany. The word comes from Greek Kuriē ...
L' Homme Armé

L' Homme Armé  

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Music
Old Fr. folk‐song used by Du Fay, Palestrina, and more than 20 other composers in 15th, 16th, and 17th cents. as a cantus firmus in their Masses, which then became known by this title. Maxwell ...
Magnificat

Magnificat  

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Music
A canticle used in Christian liturgy, especially at vespers and evensong, the text being the hymn of the Virgin Mary (Luke 1:46–55). The literal meaning of Magnificat in Latin is ‘magnifies’, and the ...
mass

mass  

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Overview Page
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Music
The Christian Eucharist or Holy Communion, especially in the Roman Catholic Church. Mass was also formerly used for the feast day or festival of a specified saint; this usage now survives only as a ...

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