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Abaris

Abaris  

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Legendary devotee of Apollo from the far north, a shamanistic missionary and saviour-figure like Aristeas whom Pindar (fr. 270 B. Snell and H. Maehler) associated with the time of Croesus—perhaps ...
adder stone

adder stone  

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Religion
The glass balls or amulets possessed by the druids, either for mysteries or for ornament, were known as ‘adder stones’ in several Celtic languages: Bret. glain neidr, ScG gloine nathair, W glain ...
Áed Dub

Áed Dub  

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[Ir., dark fire].Fulfilled the prophecy of the druid Bec mac Dé by killing Diarmait mac Cerbaill.
Anglesey

Anglesey  

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Island county of north‐west Wales, separated from the mainland by the Menai Straits. In 1974 it became the district of Ynys Môn in the county of Gwynedd, but was reconstituted as a county in 1996. ...
apple

apple  

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Fruit of the tree Malus sylvestris and its many cultivars and hybrids; there are more than 2 000 varieties in the British National Fruit Collection. The first apple seeds in North America are ...
Baltic mythology

Baltic mythology  

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Baltic peoples included Latvians, Lithuanians—not Christianized until the early fifteenth century—and Old Prussians, who inhabited what is now eastern Germany and the Baltics and land extending as ...
bard

bard  

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A poet, traditionally one reciting epics and associated with a particular oral tradition. Recorded from Middle English, the word is of Celtic origin (bàrd in Scottish Gaelic, bard in Irish and ...
Bé Chuille

Bé Chuille  

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Daughter of Flidais, goddess of the wild, and one of the most witch-like women among the Tuatha Dé Danann; often described as a druidess.
Beóthach

Beóthach  

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[Ir., living].The Nemedian ancestor of the Tuatha Dé Danann. In the pseudo-history Lebor Gabála [Book of Invasions], Beóthach was grandson of Nemed and son of Iarbanél, who survived the rout at Tory ...
Birog

Birog  

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The druidess who helped Cian to find and penetrate Balor's tower where he seduced Eithne. She later saved the child of this union, Lug Lámfhota, from drowning.
Bresal Etarláim

Bresal Etarláim  

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[OIr. etarlám, opportune (?)].A druid who gave Fuamnach the spells that would banish Étaín from Midir in Tochmarc Étaíne [The Wooing of Étaín]. In some variants he is her foster-father; in others he ...
Brigit

Brigit  

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[Ir., the exalted one].Pre-Christian Irish goddess of fire, smithing, fertility, cattle, crops, and poetry. She was the daughter of the Dagda and according to later tradition, the wife of Senchán ...
Broichan

Broichan  

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A Scottish druid who challenged St Columba [Colum Cille] and was bested. Broichan was a druid to King Brude and resented the incursion of the Christian evangelists. He caused a storm and darkness on ...
Caicer

Caicer  

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Druid of the Milesians in the Lebor Gabála [Book of Invasions] who prophesied that his people would one day migrate to Ireland.
Cailitin

Cailitin  

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Irish wizard or druid, perhaps of Fomorian origin, friendly to Medb, who does battle with and is defeated by Cúchulainn. Cailitin travels with his twenty-seven offspring, and may be called ‘Clan ...
Cathbad

Cathbad  

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Chief druid of the court of Conchobar mac Nessa and one of the leading figures of the Ulster Cycle. He predicts the fate of Deirdre before she is born. He teaches Cúchulainn, who overhears him saying ...
Celt

Celt  

From the 5th cent. bc, Greek ethnographers described the Celts as one of the major ethnic groups of central and western Europe, locating them inland from Marseilles. Caesar in De bello Gallico states ...
Celtic mythology

Celtic mythology  

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The origin of the Celts, today the smallest group of Indo-European speakers, is unclear. Some archeologists have suggested the existence of a proto-Celtic Indo- European people in the so-called ...
Cian

Cian  

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[Ir., distant, enduring, long (time and space)].Name borne by several heroes in early Irish narrative, of whom the most important is Cian (1), the father of Lug Lámfhota. There is also a Welsh Cian ...
Compert Conchobuir

Compert Conchobuir  

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Literature
(Conception of Conchobor),a tale of the Ulster cycle concerning the birth of Conchobor mac Nessa, the ruler of the Ulaid. Ness is out of doors one day when the ...

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