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dopamine

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adjunct

adjunct  

(aj-unkt)a subsidiary drug used in treating a disorder, which is administered in conjunction with, and provides additional benefits to, the main drug used in treatment.—adjunctive(ă-junk-tiv) adj.
aggression

aggression  

Behaviour in an animal that serves to intimidate or injure another animal, but that is not connected with predation.
amantadine

amantadine  

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n. an antiviral drug that increases the activity of dopamine in the brain and is used mainly to treat Parkinson’s disease. Common side-effects include nervousness, loss of muscular coordination, and ...
amine

amine  

Any one of a group of organic compounds derived by replacing one or more of the hydrogen atoms in ammonia by organic groups. Primary amines have one hydrogen replaced, e.g. methylamine, CH3NH2. They ...
amphetamine

amphetamine  

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A drug, 1-phenyl-2-aminopropane (or a derivative of this compound), that stimulates the central nervous system by causing the release of the transmitters noradrenaline and dopamine from nerve ...
antiparkinsonian

antiparkinsonian  

(Of or relating to) any drug that alleviates parkinsonism or the pseudo-parkinsonian side-effects of neuroleptic drugs such as the phenothiazines. In particular, l-dopa or bromocriptine compensates ...
antipsychotic

antipsychotic  

(anti-sy-kot-ik)describing one of a group of drugs used to treat severe mental disorders (psychoses), including schizophrenia and mania; some are administered in small doses to relieve anxiety. ...
apomorphine

apomorphine  

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(apŏ-mor-feen)a drug used mainly in the treatment of Parkinson's disease that is poorly controlled by levodopa. It is administered by subcutaneous injection or infusion. Trade names: APO-go, Uprima.
aromatic-l-amino acid decarboxylase

aromatic-l-amino acid decarboxylase  

abbr.: AADC; EC 4.1.1.28; systematic name: aromatic‐l‐amino‐acid carboxy‐lyase; other names: dopa decarboxylase; tryptophan decarboxylase; hydroxytryptophan decarboxylase. An enzyme that catalyses ...
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder  

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(ADD/ADHD)A common childhood-onset behavioural disorder in which there is persistent inattention and/or hyperactive-impulsive behaviour. Boys are more likely to be affected than girls. At least six ...
basal ganglia

basal ganglia  

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Several large masses of grey matter embedded deep within the white matter of the cerebrum (see illustration). They include the caudate and lenticular nuclei (together known as the corpus striatum) ...
biogenic amine

biogenic amine  

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Any amine that is produced by living organisms, especially the physiologically active amines that serve as neurotransmitters in animals. These include adrenaline (epinephrine), noradrenaline ...
bromocriptine

bromocriptine  

A dopamine agonist that acts on D2 receptors and that is used in the treatment of pituitary tumours and Parkinson's disease. TN Parlodel.
butyrophenone

butyrophenone  

Any of a small number of neuroleptic (1) drugs with dopamine antagonist action, especially haloperidol, droperidol, and spiroperidol, used in the treatment of schizophrenia, Huntington's disease, and ...
cabergoline

cabergoline  

An ergot derivative that is a potent dopamine D2 receptor agonist and used in treating Parkinson's disease. TNs Cabaser, Dostinex.
carbidopa

carbidopa  

An inhibitor of aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (DOPA decarboxylase) often used in combination with levodopa in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. TN Lodosyn.
catecholamine

catecholamine  

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(kat-ĕ-kol-ă-meenz)a group of physiologically important substances, including adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine, with different roles (mainly as neurotransmitters) in the functioning of the ...
chemoreceptor

chemoreceptor  

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A receptor that detects the presence of particular chemicals and (in multicellular organisms) transmits this information to sensory nerves. Examples include the taste buds and the receptors in the ...
chlorpromazine

chlorpromazine  

A phenothiazine antipsychotic drug, used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and uncontrollable hiccups. It is thought to act primarily as a dopamine antagonist, but also antagonizes ...
cholecystokinin

cholecystokinin  

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n. a hormone secreted by the cells of the duodenum in response to the presence of partly digested food in the duodenum. It causes contraction of the gall bladder and expulsion of bile into the ...

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