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St Dominic

(1170—1221) Spanish priest and friar

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Albigenses

Albigenses  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A medieval term for the inhabitants of parts of S. France applied to the heretics who were strong there in the late 12th and early 13th cents. They were a branch of the Cathars. They were condemned ...
Arnolfo di Cambio

Arnolfo di Cambio  

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(b Colle di Val d'Elsa, nr. Siena, c.1240/5; d Florence, 1302/10).Italian sculptor and architect. He is first mentioned in 1265 as Nicola Pisano's assistant on the pulpit for Siena Cathedral. In 1277 ...
art, Dominican

art, Dominican  

The Order of Preachers’ commitment to scholarship and teaching had far-reaching repercussions for 13th- and 14th-century art. Dominican patronage of the age can be associated with intellectually ...
Augustine of Hippo, Rule of St

Augustine of Hippo, Rule of St  

A monastic Rule which exists in three main forms, two for men and one for women; their relationship is disputed. As there is no reference to a rule in St Augustine's Retractationes, his authorship ...
Bologna

Bologna  

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Literature
N. Italy. In the Middle Ages its university (founded in the 12th cent.) was the chief centre in Europe for the study of canon and civil law.
Carmelites

Carmelites  

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History
[Ge]A monastic order of friars established in the 13th century and known as the White Friars. Their houses were mainly, but not exclusively, in towns.
Castile

Castile  

A region of central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. The marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 linked these ...
Cathars

Cathars  

A member of a heretical medieval Christian sect which professed a form of Manichaean dualism and sought to achieve great spiritual purity. The name is recorded in English from the mid 17th century, ...
Clement XI

Clement XI  

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Religion
(1649–1721), Pope from 1700. In the political sphere he met with little success, and in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) his rights in Sardinia and elsewhere were ignored. His condemnation of Jansenism ...
Diego of Osma

Diego of Osma  

(died 1207)Diego of Acébès was bishop of Osma (Province of Toledo) from 1201 to 1207. As Prior of Osma, he received St Dominic into the chapter which he had ...
Dominicans

Dominicans  

[Ge]A religious order of friars, known as Black Friars, introduced in the early 13th century ad and concerned to maintain the faith and convert the infidel.
dove

dove  

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Religion
The dove is used as a Christian symbol for peace and reconciliation, for the Holy Spirit, for the Church, and for the individual soul regenerated by Baptism. The ‘Eucharistic Dove’ is a hollow ...
Evangelical Life

Evangelical Life  

At the beginning of the 12th c., St Norbert, itinerant preacher turned founder of an order of exemplary common life, declared that he had chosen “to live purely the evangelical ...
friar

friar  

(from Latin fratres, i.e. brothers) belonged to the so‐called mendicant (i.e. begging) monastic orders. The four most important were the Franciscans, Dominicans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. The ...
friendship

friendship  

A topic of moral philosophy much discussed by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics, but less so in the modern era, until the reemergence of contextualist and feminist approaches to ethics. In friendship ...
Gregory IX

Gregory IX  

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Religion
(c.1148–1241), Pope from 1227. He excommunicated Frederick II for his delay in fulfilling his promise to go on a crusade, and when he sailed unreconciled in 1228, proclaimed an interdict over his ...
Gregory IX, Pope

Gregory IX, Pope  

(c.1170–1241)Ugo (or Ugolino) was born c.1170 into the family of the Conti de Segni, who held possessions in the region of Anagni. His degree of kinship with Innocent III ...
Innocent III

Innocent III  

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Religion
(1160/61–1216), Pope from 1198. In making the right of the Papacy to interfere in secular affairs depend upon its duty to control the moral conduct of rulers and upon the theory of Papal feudal ...
Jacobus de Voragine

Jacobus de Voragine  

(c. 1230–c. 98),archbishop of Genoa and author of the Golden Legend.
Jacques de Vitry

Jacques de Vitry  

(d. 1240) Historian and cardinal-bishop.Jacques studied in Paris, entering a monastery in 1211. Associated with Marie d’Oignies and the Beguines, he also preached crusade against the Albigensians and ...

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