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divorce

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adultery

adultery  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The way in which religions have played so vital a role in the protection of what would now be recognized as gene-replication and the nurture of children has contributed to ...
Agunah

Agunah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A woman bound or ‘chained’ either to a missing husband or to one who refuses to divorce her. In Jewish law the State cannot intervene to grant a couple a divorce. The only way a married woman can ...
alimony

alimony  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Formerly, financial provision made by a husband to his wife when they are living apart. Alimony is now known as maintenance or financial provision.
annulment

annulment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 A declaration by the court that a marriage was never legally valid. In all cases of nullity except nonconsummation, a decree of annulment will only be granted within three years after the ...
Arabic papyri

Arabic papyri  

Employed from at least 2000 bc in Egypt, its land of origin, the papyrus was used by the Arabs following their conquest of that country in 640. Its Islamic utilization ...
Bet Din

Bet Din  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘house of judgement’).Jewish court of law. Traditionally the establishment of the bet din as an institution is ascribed to Ezra. In Israel, the bet din is the rabbinic ...
betrothal

betrothal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A free promise of future marriage between two persons. In many countries formal betrothal before witnesses is customary, but in England the Church has ceased to exercise any authority in the matter. ...
bigamy

bigamy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The act of going through a marriage ceremony with someone when one is already lawfully married to someone else (Offences Against the Person Act 1861 s 57). Bigamy is a crime, punishable by up to ...
change of name

change of name  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A natural person (i.e. a human being) may change his or her surname simply by using a different name with sufficient consistency to become generally known by that name. A change is normally given ...
Chatelaine

Chatelaine  

1928– .A middle-class women's magazine with a secretly subversive bent, Maclean Hunter's general interest periodical has been a consistent performer. Financially a proven winner for the company, it ...
civil partnership

civil partnership  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A new legal status, created by the Civil Partnership Act 2004, that confers analogous rights to those conferred by marriage on same-sex couples who register their relationship. To be eligible to form ...
cohabitation

cohabitation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Living together under one roof in a marital, de facto marital, or marriage-like relationship in the absence of a formal marriage, whether the partners are heterosexual or homosexual. See also ...
Commissary Court

Commissary Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An ecclesiastical court presided over by a commissary acting on behalf of a bishop where the area served by the court lay well away from the bishop's residence.
contact

contact  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.(in family law) The opportunity for a child to communicate with a person with whom that child is not resident. The degree of contact may range from a telephone call to a long stay or even a visit ...
Council of Hertford

Council of Hertford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(672 or 673). A Council of bishops held under Theodore, Abp. of Canterbury, to promote the reorganization of the English Church. It issued ten canons, concerned especially with the rights and duties ...
courtly love

courtly love  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A highly conventionalized medieval tradition of love between a knight and a married noblewoman, first developed by the troubadours of Southern France and extensively employed in European literature ...
Damage (Ḍarar)

Damage (Ḍarar)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Whereas husbands can unilaterally dissolve the marriage contract at all times, women cannot. If a woman wants a divorce, she must prove the existence of certain grounds justifying the dissolution ...
death in the family, legal consequences

death in the family, legal consequences  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Once a death certificate has been issued the recipient can arrange burial or cremation. Normally only spouses, civil partners, or other relatives can deal with the body of the deceased. ...
deed

deed  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A written document that must make it clear on its face that it is intended to be a deed and validly executed as a deed. Before 31 July 1990, all deeds required a seal in order to be validly ...
desertion

desertion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 The failure by a husband or wife to cohabit with his or her spouse. Desertion usually takes the form of physically leaving the home, but this is not essential: there may be desertion although ...

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