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dissolution of the monasteries

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advowson

advowson  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In ecclesiastical law, the right to recommend a member of the Anglican clergy for a vacant benefice, or to make such an appointment. The word is recorded from Middle English, in the sense ‘patronage ...
aristocracy

aristocracy  

A vague term, derived from the Greek aristokratia, meaning the rule of the best. It is broader than peerage or even nobility. In common parlance it was usually taken to mean the upper classes or ...
Audley End

Audley End  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Essex)lies on the river Cam, near Saffron Walden. It was originally Walden abbey and passed at the dissolution of the monasteries to Lord Audley. It then descended to Lord ...
Augustinian canons

Augustinian canons  

(‘Regular’ or ‘Black’ canons) had their origin in the mid‐11th‐cent. ecclesiastical reform movement. Earlier communities of clerics (or ‘canons’) staffing cathedrals and large churches and organized ...
Augustinians

Augustinians  

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Overview Page
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History
[Ge]A monastic order of ordained canons; most Augustinian houses were founded in the mid to late 12th century.
Bath abbey

Bath abbey  

Is a fine example of late Perpendicular building. Begun in 1499 by Bishop Oliver King, it replaced a larger Norman foundation. The architects, the Vertue brothers, were also responsible for ...
Bedfordshire

Bedfordshire  

Is a small, low‐lying, and predominantly agricultural county, drained largely by the river Ouse. In pre‐Roman times it formed part of the kingdom of the Catuvellauni. In 571 a victory of the English ...
Bedlam

Bedlam  

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Overview Page
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History
A corruption of Bethlehem, applied to the Hospital of St Mary of Bethlehem, in Bishopsgate, London, founded as a priory in 1247, which became a hospital for lunatics. From Bedlam are derived such ...
Benedictine

Benedictine  

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Overview Page
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History
A monk or nun of an order following the rule of St Benedict. From the original Benedictine foundations at Subiaco and Monte Cassino in Italy the number of monastic houses in Europe grew to many ...
Briggitines

Briggitines  

Established c.1346 as a double order of men and women by St Bridget of Sweden (c. 1303–73). They followed the Augustinian rule and constitutions drawn up by Bridget, including the ‘Rule of the ...
Buckfast Abbey

Buckfast Abbey  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Devon. The first abbey was founded in 1018. Ceded to the Abbot of Savigny in 1136, it adopted the Rule of Cîteaux in 1147 and remained Cistercian until its dissolution in 1539. A private house was ...
Carmelites

Carmelites  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
[Ge]A monastic order of friars established in the 13th century and known as the White Friars. Their houses were mainly, but not exclusively, in towns.
Carthusian

Carthusian  

A monk or nun of an austere contemplative order founded by St Bruno in 1084. (See also Charterhouse.)
collegiate church

collegiate church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A church which is endowed for a body of canons and/or prebendaries (the ‘chapter’), but is not, like a cathedral, a bishop's see.
country houses

country houses  

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Overview Page
The country house was the focal point and symbol of the ascendancy of the gentry in the period between the Glorious Revolution and the First World War. It no longer had military significance. It was ...
Court of Augmentations

Court of Augmentations  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Formed in 1536 upon the dissolution of the monasteries to administer the monastic properties and revenues confiscated by the Crown, the Court was amalgamated with the Exchequer in 1554. Its ...
Covent Garden

Covent Garden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(London). Anxious to restore his dilapidated estate (land belonging to the convent of Westminster prior to the dissolution of the monasteries), the 4th earl of Bedford commissioned Inigo Jones as ...
Crowland

Crowland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
LincolnshireSmall town off the A47, 10 m. NE of Peterborough, where the half‐ruined Norman abbey towers above the fens. Some consider Gesta Herewardi to have been a 15th‐c. forgery ...
David Knowles

David Knowles  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1896–1974),monastic historian. Michael Clive Knowles was educated at Downside and became a monk there in 1914, taking the name David. He read classics at Cambridge (1919–22) and studied theology ...
Devon

Devon  

Was the third largest of the old counties. Having two sea‐coasts, it was orientated in different directions, the northern shore along the Bristol channel, the south shore along the English channel. ...

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