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aetiology

aetiology  

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Overview Page
(etiology) n. 1. the study or science of the causes of disease. 2. the cause of a specific disease.1. the study or science of the causes of disease. 2. the cause of a specific disease.
agent of disease

agent of disease  

Any factor (such as a micro‐organism, a chemical substance, or a form of radiation) that is essential for the occurrence of a disease.
AIDS

AIDS  

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Overview Page
The immunodeficiency (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Opportunistic infections are likely to occur, tuberculosis being an increasing ...
Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease  

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The most common form of dementia, occurring in middle age or later. It is characterized by memory impairment and, as the disease progresses, language difficulties, apraxia, and visuospatial problems. ...
America

America  

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Religion
The name was apparently coined in M. Waldseemüller Cosmographiae Introductio (1507) and coming from Americus, modern Latin form of the name of the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1451–1512), who ...
Analysis of Human Remains

Analysis of Human Remains  

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Archaeology
Human remains from archaeological contexts may be the single most important source of information available about prehistoric people and their lifeways. Through the data they provide on evolutionary ...
Bacteria

Bacteria  

One of three superkingdoms (domains) of cellular organisms, the others being Archaea and Eukarya. Bacteria are unicellular and anucleate i.e. prokaryotes. They embrace a great diversity of forms, ...
Baiae

Baiae  

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Dependency of Cumae, said to have been named after Baios, a companion of Odysseus. It never became a municipium, but flourished as a fashionable spa and resort, thanks to volcanic ...
Banjul

Banjul  

Capital and largest city of the Republic of Gambia.Shortly after Britain outlawed the transatlantic slave trade in 1804, it began seeking a means of patrolling illegal slave trading in ...
basic reproductive rate

basic reproductive rate  

The number of infections produced, on average, by one infectious case in the early stages of an epidemic when herd immunity is low or zero and virtually all persons in the exposed population are ...
Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush  

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Subject:
History
(1745–1813)American physician, statesman, reformer, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He campaigned for free education and religious tolerance and against alcohol abuse. He ...
Black Death

Black Death  

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Subject:
History
(1347–50)The most virulent epidemic of bubonic and pneumonic plague ever recorded. It reached Europe from the Tartar armies, fresh from campaigning in the Crimea, who besieged the port of Caffa ...
cancer

cancer  

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A malignant neoplasm (including both carcinoma and sarcoma) which arises from the abnormal and uncontrolled division of cells and which invades and destroys the surrounding tissues. The primary ...
Caunus

Caunus  

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City in south-eastern Caria, close to Lycia. It was generally reckoned to be Carian, though Herodotus (1) (1. 176. 3) says the Caunians imitated the Lycians in most respects, and ...
Centers for Disease Control.

Centers for Disease Control.  

(CDC)The US federal government facility based mainly in Atlanta, Georgia, that provides investigative and educational facilities in most branches of public health sciences, serving the United States ...
cholera

cholera  

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n. an acute infection of the small intestine by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea (known as ricewater stools) leading to dehydration. The disease is contracted ...
Columbian Exchange.

Columbian Exchange.  

As of 1492, the Americas and Eurasia-Africa, except for occasional connections via the Bering Strait, had been separated for millions of years. During this time, organisms diverged in their evolution ...
coronary artery disease

coronary artery disease  

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(CAD) atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which may cause angina pectoris and lead to myocardial infarction. One of the leading causes of death in Western countries, the disease occurs most ...
cult

cult  

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[De]A fragmentary religious grouping, to which individuals are loosely affiliated, but which lacks any permanent structure.
Darwinian Medicine

Darwinian Medicine  

Evolutionary thought has long had problems of two sorts with cognate disciplines. Some resisted the application of evolutionary ideas simply because they were defending intellectual territory. Others ...

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