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discretion

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abridgment

abridgment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Truncation (shortening) of the period allowed for completion of some procedural step. Subject to principles of procedural fairness judicial officers generally have discretion to abridge the time ...
abuse of process

abuse of process  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A tort where damage is caused by using a legal process for an ulterior collateral purpose. (See also malicious prosecution.) Actions that are obviously frivolous, vexatious, or in bad faith can be ...
alien

alien  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A person who, under the law of a particular state, is not a citizen of that state. Aliens are usually classified as resident aliens (domiciled in the host country) or transient aliens (temporarily ...
antinomianism

antinomianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The belief held by various sects, but particularly by radical protestant movements of the 16th and 17th centuries, that certain chosen Christians are by faith or by predestination unable to sin, and ...
arbitrary

arbitrary  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Not restrained by laws or statute, as in arbitrary punishment ordered by a judicial officer exercising personal preference rather than predetermined standards or rules. See discretion and palm tree ...
cautioning

cautioning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Criminal justice systems generally provide for suspected offenders to be warned—ie ‘cautioned’—instead of being prosecuted. Enforcement agencies cannot arrest and prosecute everyone, and prosecution ...
Charter of Fundamental Rights

Charter of Fundamental Rights  

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union brings together the principles of the European Convention on Human Rights, the European Social Charter, and Community law as they relate to the ...
child abuse

child abuse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The maltreatment of children. It may take the form of sexual abuse, when a child is involved in sexual activity by an adult; physical abuse, when physical injury is caused by cruelty or undue ...
collective bargaining

collective bargaining  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Bargaining between employers and employees over wages, terms of employment, etc., when the employees are represented by a trade union or some other collective body.
context

context  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The general principles of law found in legislation and case law (see precedent) are always applied locally, embedded in the facts of some individually situated case. The context in which ...
crime and violence

crime and violence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Crime and violence are broad concepts which reflect the cultural, economic, moral, and political forces at work in society. Although images in the press and popular culture suggest that crime ...
crime-rate

crime-rate  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A measure of change in recorded crime, over a given period of time, based upon official statistics for offences or offender rates. It enables comparison of variations across offences or areas, and ...
death in the family, legal consequences

death in the family, legal consequences  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Once a death certificate has been issued the recipient can arrange burial or cremation. Normally only spouses, civil partners, or other relatives can deal with the body of the deceased. ...
direct applicability, effect

direct applicability, effect  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A term used in the European Community to describe provisions in the relevant treaties and subordinate legislation that apply directly within the legal systems of the Member States, without any ...
directors' duties

directors' duties  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Obligations owed by a director of a company. The purpose of such duties, which are based on the common law and equitable principles, is to safeguard the interests of the company. The duties are owed ...
divorce

divorce  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The legal termination of a marriage and the obligations created by marriage, other than by a decree of nullity or presumption of death.
entrapment

entrapment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Deliberately enticing a person into committing a crime in order to secure his conviction, as by offering to buy drugs from him. The English courts do not recognize entrapment as a defence. However, ...
Environment Agency

Environment Agency  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A non-departmental public body established under the Environment Act 1995. It is responsible for protecting the environment in England and Wales, notably by controlling pollution, regulating waste ...
European Union migration

European Union migration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Traditionally, the European Union's approach to international migration was limited to the facilitation of internal freedom of movement for nationals of Member States. Thus, the Treaty of Rome ...
evidence obtained illegally

evidence obtained illegally  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Evidence obtained by some means contrary to law. At common law, if evidence was obtained illegally (e.g. where there had been a search of premises without a search warrant), that evidence was not ...

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