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Adrian Stokes

Adrian Stokes  

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(b London, 27 Oct. 1902; d London, 15 Dec. 1972).British writer and painter. An intensely subjective writer with an interest in psychoanalysis, Stokes responded passionately, even ecstatically, to ...
André Derain

André Derain  

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(1880–1954)French painter and prominent member of the fauve group of artists.The Paris exhibition of Van Gogh's paintings in 1901 had a powerful effect on Derain's development as a painter. With ...
Auguste Rodin

Auguste Rodin  

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(b Paris, 12 Nov. 1840; d Meudon, nr. Paris, 17 Nov. 1917).French sculptor and draughtsman, one of the greatest and most influential European artists of his period. He was ...
Barbara Hepworth

Barbara Hepworth  

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(1903–1975)British sculptor who, with Ben Nicholson and Henry Moore, led the abstract movement in Britain in the 1930s. She was made a DBE in 1965.Born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, she trained at the ...
Barry Flanagan

Barry Flanagan  

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(1941–2009)British sculptor, draughtsman, and printmaker, born in Prestatyn, Wales. He studied at various art schools, principally St Martin's School of Art, London, 1964–6, his main teacher there ...
Constantin Brancusi

Constantin Brancusi  

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(1876–1957)Romanian-born French sculptor and a pioneer of abstract sculpture.Brancusi was born into a large and prosperous peasant family in a district with a tradition of woodworking. After studying ...
Edward Bainbridge Copnall

Edward Bainbridge Copnall  

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(1903–73)British sculptor and painter. Born in Cape Town, South Africa, he moved to England at an early age. As a young artist he was drawn to the practice of direct carving, working on allegorical ...
Eric Gill

Eric Gill  

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(1882–1940),stone‐carver, engraver, and typographer, who cut lettering and designed types, among them Perpetua and Gill Sans‐serif. He settled in Ditchling in 1907, where a community of craftsmen and ...
Eric Kennington

Eric Kennington  

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(b Liverpool, 12 Mar. 1888; d Reading, 13 Apr. 1960).British painter, sculptor, and draughtsman. He was an Official War Artist in the First and Second World Wars and is best known for his paintings ...
Frank Dobson

Frank Dobson  

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(b London, 18 Nov. 1886; d London, 22 July 1963).British sculptor. His early work consisted mainly of paintings, the few surviving examples showing how impressed he was by the Post-Impressionist ...
Fritz Wotruba

Fritz Wotruba  

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(b Vienna, 23 Apr. 1907; d Vienna, 28 Aug. 1975).The leading Austrian sculptor of the 20th century. His masterly craftsmanship won him acclaim from early in his career, as when his work was shown in ...
Gaston Lachaise

Gaston Lachaise  

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(b Paris, 19 Mar. 1882; d New York, 18 Oct. 1935).French-born sculptor who emigrated to the USA in 1906 and became an American citizen in 1916, one of the pioneers of modern sculpture in his adopted ...
Henri Gaudier-Brzeska

Henri Gaudier-Brzeska  

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1891–1915)French sculptor.Born at St Jean de Braye, near Orléans, Gaudier studied both commerce and painting in London before turning to sculpture in Paris (1910). Here he met Sophie Brzeska from ...
Henry Moore

Henry Moore  

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(1898–1986)British sculptor and draughtsman. He was made a CH in 1955 and appointed to the OM in 1963.The son of a Yorkshire miner, Moore studied at Leeds School of Art after doing his military ...
Hew Lorimer

Hew Lorimer  

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(1907–93)Scottish sculptor, born in Edinburgh, son of the distinguished architect (and occasional painter) Sir Robert Lorimer (1864–1929) and nephew of the portrait painter John Henry Lorimer ...
Isamu Noguchi

Isamu Noguchi  

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(b Los Angeles, 17 Nov. 1904; d New York, 30 Dec. 1988).American sculptor and designer, the son of a Japanese father and an American mother, both of whom were writers. He grew up in Japan and often ...
John B. Flannagan

John B. Flannagan  

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(1895–1942)American sculptor, an isolated figure whose career was blighted by illness and poverty and ended in suicide. He was born at Fargo, North Dakota, and studied painting at the Minneapolis ...
pointing

pointing  

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In stone-carving, the process used to copy and enlarge a small three-dimensional model into a full-sized sculpture by measuring off points from the original (see Stone, §II, 2).
R. H. Wilenski

R. H. Wilenski  

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(b London, 7 Mar. 1887; d Marlow, Buckinghamshire, 19 Apr. 1975).British writer on art (and occasional painter). Much of his writing was devoted to modern art, and in the ...
Sir Charles Wheeler

Sir Charles Wheeler  

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(1892–1974)British sculptor (and occasional painter). He was born in Codsall, Staffordshire, and studied at Wolverhampton School of Art, 1908–12, and the Royal College of Art, 1912–17. Although he ...

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