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abhiṣeka

abhiṣeka  

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(Skt.; Tib., dbang-bskur). Literally ‘sprinkling’, this is an initiatory ritual of consecration in tantric Buddhism based on the classical Indian ceremony of coronation which involved lustration. ...
agniṣṭoma

agniṣṭoma  

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A ‘one day’ soma sacrifice that culminates in the offering of soma three times in a single day (although the entire ritual normally extends over five days). The ritual, involving a special ...
Ānandamāyī Mā

Ānandamāyī Mā  

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(1896–1982).Hindu responsive teacher and spiritual attainer, who reached the goal without studying the scriptures, and without a guru. She was married at 12, but gave priority to spiritual ...
Dīkṣa

Dīkṣa   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
179 words

(Skt.).

Initiation; in Indian religions, the means of access into a religious tradition, religious or social condition. Dīkṣa is given

dīkṣā

dīkṣā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
238 words

A consecration undergone by an individual that both marks and facilitates the passage from one state of being, or stage

guru

guru  

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A Hindu spiritual teacher. Also, each of the ten first leaders of the Sikh religion. The word comes from Sanskrit meaning ‘weighty, grave’, hence ‘elder, teacher’.
japa

japa  

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(Skt., recitation).Recitation or recital, particularly of mantras.for which a rosary (mālā) of 108 beads in traditionally used.
Kānphaṭa yogīs

Kānphaṭa yogīs  

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A name applied to some monastic members of the Nāth Siddha order, distinguished by their large earrings (kuṇḍalas), and hence the piercing of their ear lobes which takes place at initiation.
Kashmir Śaivism

Kashmir Śaivism  

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A Tantric Śaiva tradition which flourished in Kashmir between the 9th and 11th century ce, but which also influenced South Indian Śaivism. The Trika, its ritual system, developed out of the eastern ...
mala

mala  

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According to Śaiva Siddhānta theology, an essential and beginningless impurity which is tied to the soul (ātman); along with karma and māyā, it occludes the soul's true nature, and causes further ...
mantra

mantra  

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Originally in Hinduism and Buddhism, a word or sound repeated to aid concentration in meditation. Also, a Vedic hymn. The word is Sanskrit and means literally ‘instrument of thought’, from man ...
mantra

mantra  

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1 A synonym for the Vedic Saṃhitā texts (ṛc, yajus, and sāman), recited as an essential component of Brahmanical ritual (yajña); this portion of the Veda is distinguished from the prose explanations, ...
Nepal

Nepal  

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History
Nepal has deposed its king and declared a republic but is struggling to maintain peaceNepal's territory can be divided roughly into three bands descending from north to south. The northernmost band ...
nirvāṇa-dīkṣā

nirvāṇa-dīkṣā  

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An initiation (dīkṣā) in some forms of Tantric Śaivism which guarantees liberation (nirvāṇa) at death.
paśu

paśu  

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In Śaiva Siddhānta theology, a term, used individually and collectively, for the soul or ātman, expressing the idea that, short of liberation, it remains in a state of beginningless bondage to an ...
rahasya

rahasya  

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At its most general, any Śrī Vaiṣṇava doctrinal work in Maṇipravāḷam; more specifically, the term applied to the three secret mantras which are central to their practice: the Tirumantra, the Dvayam, ...
sādhaka

sādhaka  

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A Tantric adept or practitioner seeking to obtain powers (siddhis)—i.e. a bubhukṣu.
Śaiva Siddhānta

Śaiva Siddhānta  

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A major Śaiva ritual and theological tradition. Originating in Kashmir as the division of the mantramārga which regarded the ten Śiva- and eighteen Rudra-Āgamas as direct revelation from Śiva ...
Śaiva-Āgama

Śaiva-Āgama  

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Authoritative texts of Śaivism, the earliest being written between 400–800 ce. The texts deal with Śaiva liturgy which involves nyāsa, mudrā, mantra, the construction of yantras or maṇḍalas and ...
saṃpradāya

saṃpradāya  

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A term for an institutionalized order or tradition (usually smārta in nature), marked by a guru-pupil lineage or paramparā. This may be traced back to an historical or mythical founder, or even to ...

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