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Apprentice Boys

Apprentice Boys  

The Apprentice Boys are an Ulster loyalist organization whose title celebrates the thirteen apprentices who shut the city gates of Derry before the Jacobite siege (April–July 1689). The Apprentice ...
distilling

distilling  

Whiskey was the most popular drink in Ireland by 1800. In 1700 consumption had been largely confined to those higher up the social scale, but during the 18th century (notably ...
George Walker

George Walker  

(1618–90).Walker, an elderly Church of Ireland clergyman, was the heart and soul of Londonderry's resistance to James II after the Glorious Revolution. He held a living at Donaghmore, near ...
hiring fairs

hiring fairs  

Were a source of farm labour. The hiring of farm servants was widespread in Ireland by the early 18th century (see agricultural labourers). However hiring fairs, at which farmers and ...
Irish Industrial Development Association

Irish Industrial Development Association  

(IIDA),an informal federation of local industrial development associations. The first was established in Cork in 1903; others subsequently emerged in major towns and cities such as Belfast, Dublin ...
mendicity institutes

mendicity institutes  

Concern about the extent of poverty in the early 19th century, particularly in urban areas, prompted the inhabitants of a number of towns (including Birr, Coleraine, Derry, Drogheda, Dublin, Newry ...
Nationalist Party

Nationalist Party  

Successor to the all‐Ireland Nationalist Party (1882–1922) and its grass‐roots organizations, the United Irish League and the Ancient Order of Hibernians. At the first elections to the Northern ...
Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A unit of the United Kingdom comprising the six north-eastern counties of Ulster.Physical.Structurally, it is a south-westward extension of Scotland, separated by the North Channel of the Irish Sea. ...
port

port  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Any port in a storm in adverse circumstances any source of relief or escape is welcome; saying recorded from the mid 18th century.port of call a place where a ship stops on a voyage.a wife in every ...
settlement pattern

settlement pattern  

[Ge]Distribution of settlement sites in the landscape.
shirt making

shirt making  

Became an important occupation in west Ulster during the 1840s. It emerged initially as a cottage industry. When elements of the industry became mechanized, part of the work was carried ...
Social Democratic and Labour Party

Social Democratic and Labour Party  

(SDLP).The SDLP was for many years the leading institution representing the catholic minority in Northern Ireland since the province's establishment. It was formed in 1971 as a coalition between the ...
St Columba

St Columba  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 521–97),Irish abbot and missionary. He established the monastery at Iona in c.563, and converted the Picts to Christianity. St Columba contributed significantly to the literature of Celtic ...
tanning

tanning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
As the tanning of leather was a smelly process, tanneries were sited in the countryside or at the edges of towns. As a modest amount of capital had to be invested, tanning businesses tended to remain ...
Ulster

Ulster  

The northern province of Ireland, comprising the counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, Cavan, Monaghan, Fermanagh, Donegal, Tyrone, and Londonderry. The Norman intrusion was both socially and ...
urban government

urban government  

In early modern Ireland developed in several dozen towns and proto‐towns along broadly English lines. The English influence came by two routes. First, there was the small number of centres ...
walled towns

walled towns  

Town defences not only provided protection against attack, they also formed barriers which permitted control of movement to and from the town; in addition, one of the most important functions ...
Williamite War

Williamite War  

(1689–91),between supporters of James II and William III. Despite James's fall in England, Tyrconnell remained in control of most of Ireland. In Munster Justin MacCarthy suppressed Protestant ...

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