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Defenders

Defenders   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
228 words

secret society, originally the Catholic opponents of the Peep of Day Boys in Co. Armagh. From 1790 Defenderism spread into

habeas corpus

habeas corpus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A prerogative writ used to challenge the validity of a person's detention, either in official custody (e.g. when held pending deportation or extradition) or in private hands. Deriving from the royal ...
Irish rebellion

Irish rebellion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1798.The 1798 rising occurred in the summer, and involved between 30,000 and 50,000 insurgents and around 76,000 government troops. The intellectual leadership came from the Francophile United Irish ...
James Coigley

James Coigley  

(1761–98),Catholic priest, arrested at Margate with Arthur O'Connor on 28 February 1798 and executed on 7 June. Although he denied to the end the charge of treasonable contact with ...
militia

militia  

The British regionally based volunteer armed forces (from the Latin miles, a soldier). Of Anglo‐Saxon origin or earlier, the militia was established as an obligation for all freemen by the Assize of ...
Orange Order

Orange Order  

An Irish protestant organization dedicated to the preservation of the protestant constitution and the ‘glorious and immortal memory’ of King William III, the victor of the Boyne (1690). The order was ...
Peep o' Day Boys

Peep o' Day Boys  

Was the name adopted by Ulster presbyterians in the 1780s and 1790s to confront the catholic Defenders. On 1 September 1795 they routed their adversaries in a pitched battle at the Diamond, near ...
Peep of Day Boys

Peep of Day Boys  

First noted by Arthur Young (c.1779) in the context of agrarian protest, but best known as the Protestant party in the sectarian conflict that developed in Co. Armagh from c.1784. ...
politicization

politicization  

The growth of popular political consciousness is a complex process. It requires an awareness of political structures and issues, a perception of these as relevant to one's daily life, and ...
religion and war

religion and war  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In its frequency, its conduct, and its consequences, warfare has always been a matter of great significance to the world's major religions, and the study of warfare in human history ...
Ribbonism

Ribbonism  

‘Ribbonmen’ are first mentioned, as ‘a new name for U[nited]Irishmen’, in 1811, and the term recurs during most of the 19th century in official accounts of crime and disaffection. Such ...
United Irishmen

United Irishmen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A society established in Belfast in 1791 by Wolfe Tone and others with the aim of bringing about religious equality and parliamentary reform in Ireland. Inspired by the ideals of the French ...
yeomanry

yeomanry  

ˈyōmǝnrēn. historical a volunteer cavalry force raised from men who held and cultivated small landed estates (1794–1908).

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