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Andrei Rublev

Andrei Rublev  

(b ?c.1360; d Moscow, 1430).The most famous of Russian icon painters. The 600th anniversary of his birth was celebrated by Soviet Russia in 1960, but the date is not firmly documented and there is ...
art and architecture: Ottonian

art and architecture: Ottonian  

As befits a term derived from the political sphere, Ottonian art and architecture refers to those buildings and works of art produced in the Germanic lands (and surrounding areas) that ...
Book Cover

Book Cover  

Some ancient codices still have their original bookbinding of wooden boards, sometimes covered in leather; metal and silk and other textiles were also used for covers. A number of preserved ...
chalice

chalice  

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A chalice is the emblem of St Richard of Chichester (1197–1253), who is said once to have dropped the chalice at Mass without the wine being spilt, St Hugh of Lincoln, and other saints.
Column Churches

Column Churches  

The term is used for three closely related rock-cut churches, Karanlık Kilise (Dark Church), Elmalı Kilise (Apple Church), and Çarıklı Kilise (Sandal Church) clustered in Göreme. All three imitate ...
Crusader art

Crusader art  

At the end of the 11th century European Crusaders established four Crusader States in Muslim territory in Syria-Palestine at Edessa (now Urfa, Turkey), Antioch (Syria), Tripoli (Lebanon), and ...
Epistyle

Epistyle  

Structural beam or architrave, sometimes wood, laid horizontally over the capitals of a column to form a central interior support.
Georgian

Georgian  

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[CP]In England the Georgian period is approximately 1714–1810. Architectural styles of the period were derived from classical and Renaissance Italian architecture.
Great Church

Great Church  

Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, the Great Church, was the cathedral church of the bishop of Constantinople, i.e. the Patriarch.A first church was built under Constantius II and inaugurated in ...
icon

icon  

(From Gk., eikōn: ‘likeness’).An image of a saint or other holy personage, particularly when the image is regarded by the devotee as sacred in itself and capable of facilitating contact between him ...
Icon Frames

Icon Frames  

(sing. περιφέριον, e.g., Pantel., nos. 7.21, 53) are usually slightly raised from the surface of the icon and display figural representations, floral or geometric ornament, and bosses. From the 11th ...
iconostasis

iconostasis  

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In Greek and Russian Orthodox churches, a wall-like icon-covered screen separating the sanctuary from the main body of the building.
Jacopo Torriti

Jacopo Torriti  

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(active 1290s).Italian mosaicist and painter. Nothing is known of his life, but he signed mosaics commissioned by Pope Nicholas IV for the apses of two churches in Rome, St John Lateran (c.1291), and ...
John the Baptist

John the Baptist  

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Religion
Arabic Yahya ibn Zakariyya. Son of Zakariyya and Elizabeth. Cousin of Jesus. Born as a blessing from God when his parents were old and barren. As in the Bible, the Quran records God's promise of a ...
Templon

Templon  

(τέμπλον, also called κάγκελλα, κιγκλίδες), the screen separating the nave from the sanctuary. Originally a low parapet or chancel barrier, about the mid-5th C. it developed into a taller partition ...
Virgin Hagiosoritissa

Virgin Hagiosoritissa  

(῾Αγιοσορίτισσα, lit. “the Virgin of the holy Soros”), an iconographic type in which the Virgin is depicted nearly in profile with both her hands extended out from her chest in ...
Virgin Paraklesis

Virgin Paraklesis  

(Παράκλησις), the Virgin Intercessor. This type shows the Virgin almost in profile holding a scroll on which are inscribed the words of a dialogue with Christ in which she pleads ...

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