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absent presence

absent presence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In poststructuralist theory, a concept most closely associated with Derrida, for whom it refers to the mythical status of the supposed hub of any system of ideas (see also deconstruction; ...
absent signifier

absent signifier  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A particular feature which is perceived as missing from a representation in any medium, especially where it is ‘notable by its absence’, breaching expectations. See also commutation test; ...
always-already given

always-already given  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (givenness) Broadly, in cultural theory, a key abstract concept that is taken for granted as an essential starting-point for any theory—often inexplicit but nevertheless the philosophical ...
aporia

aporia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A serious perplexity or insoluble problem. The Socratic method of raising problems without providing solutions is sometimes called the aporetic method. Deconstruction is often credited with ...
binary opposition

binary opposition  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(semiotics) A pair of mutually-exclusive signifiers in a paradigm set representing categories which are logically opposed and which together define a complete universe of discourse: for example, ...
context

context  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Most broadly, any frame of reference or framework within which something is perceived, produced, consumed, communicated, interpreted, or otherwise experienced, or which is seen as relevant to the ...
continental philosophy

continental philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Inaccurate term used, often polemically, to refer to the writings of philosophers influenced by European political philosophers such as Hegel, Marx, or Heidegger, by phenomenology and existentialist ...
contradiction

contradiction  

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Overview Page
[Ge]A term used by Karl Marx to refer to mutually antagonistic tendencies in a society.
Course in General Linguistics

Course in General Linguistics  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(Cours de linguistique générale, 1916). Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913) was a professor of Sanskrit and of the comparative grammar of Indo‐European languages at the University of Geneva when he ...
différance

différance  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Term introduced by Derrida, combining the French for ‘difference’ and ‘deferral’. It is used to suggest both the Saussurean emphasis on meaning as the function of differences or contrasts within a ...
discourse analysis

discourse analysis  

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Overview Page
Generally refers to approaches to the study of language that examine the conditions of possibility of particular statements and their effects. Discourse analysis, in this sense, situates specific ...
dissemination

dissemination  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Deriving from a form of the Latin disseminare (‘to scatter seed’), the term ‘dissemination’ means, in connection with manuscripts, the distribution or circulation of copies of a particular work. See ...
écriture

écriture  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[ay-kri-tewr]The French word for ‘writing’. Where it appears in this form in English texts, it refers to one or more specific senses used by modern French theorists: 1. Writing as style, in Roland ...
encoding and decoding

encoding and decoding  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. In psychology, encoding is the ability to convert information into a different but retrievable form, usually in the memory; it is unsurprisingly critical to game plans or performance strategies.2. ...
erasure

erasure  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In deconstructionist writing a word is used under erasure (French, sous rature) if it is necessary to use it, but it is only doubtfully intelligible. The device is akin to placing inverted commas ...
feminism

feminism  

The approach to social life, philosophy, and ethics that commits itself to correcting biases leading to the subordination of women or the disparagement of women's particular experience and of the ...
feminism and feminist theories

feminism and feminist theories  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The discursive practices that inform semiotics as a field of inquiry have not overlooked the question of gender difference. Feminism as a critical discourse and sociopolitical movement is an ...
Ferdinand de Saussure

Ferdinand de Saussure  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1857–1913)Swiss linguist, noted for his early structuralist views on language.Born in Geneva, Saussure was educated at the universities of Leipzig and Berlin. He worked initially on the comparative ...
figurative language

figurative language  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
See also rhetoric; compare imagery.1. Language that employs figures of speech, especially metaphor.2. As opposed to literal language, language that is not intended to be taken literally: see ...
freeplay

freeplay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
[French jeu]A reference by Derrida (originally in the 1960s) to signifiers not being fixed to their signifieds but pointing beyond themselves to other signifiers in an ‘indefinite referral of ...

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