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classicism

classicism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1. The classical aesthetic ideals of simplicity, form, order, harmony, balance, clarity, decorum, restraint, serenity, unity, and proportion—together with an emphasis on reason. The term is not ...
Contingency and Probability

Contingency and Probability  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
For Aristotle (384–322 bce), the contingent is the unproblematic scene of rhetoric. This Aristotelian connection between the scene and agency (or practice), originally put into play to blunt Plato's ...
Eloquence

Eloquence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Modern usage applies the concept of eloquence in various ways, at times with an implication of distrust, as if a choice had to be made between art and sincerity. But ...
Ethopoeia

Ethopoeia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(Lat. notatio)designates a textual unit, in which the individual nature of a given character is imitated through the assignment to that character of specific discourses or speech.The most ...
Forensic genre

Forensic genre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
In forensic, or legal, rhetoric, the speaker addresses a jury or judge selected to adjudicate issues surrounding a past event. Through pro and con argumentation by prosecution and defense (forensic ...
genre

genre  

A grouping of texts related within the system of literature by their sharing features of form and content. Ancient theoretical discussions of specific literary genres operate according to criteria ...
Horace

Horace  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(65–8bc),Roman poet of the Augustan period. A notable satirist and literary critic, he is best known for his Odes, much imitated by later ages, especially by the poets of 17th-century England.
horizon of expectations

horizon of expectations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The shared ‘mental set’ or framework within which those of a particular generation in a culture understand, interpret, and evaluate a text or an artwork. This includes textual knowledge of ...
Jean Mairet

Jean Mairet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1604–86)French dramatist. A rival of Corneille, Mairet is generally regarded as responsible for the introduction of the three unities into serious French drama, first in a preface to Silvanire ...
Juan de la Cueva

Juan de la Cueva  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1550–1610)Spanish poet and playwright. A prolific writer for the stage, he is distinguished by his blatant disregard for the neoclassical unities, his reduction of the traditional number of acts ...
Kairos

Kairos  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Is variously described in relation to a temporality and to a way of acting: it is the opportune moment. Be that as it may, it is an elusive word, appearing ...
laughter

laughter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
We laugh at things that are laughable, but also laugh exultantly at a success, or bitterly at a failure, or at the unexpected or even the typical. We may even laugh but not at anything—with pure joy, ...
Lope de Vega

Lope de Vega  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1562–1635)Spanish dramatist. Born in Madrid, the son of an embroiderer, he attended a Jesuit school and probably the University of Alcalá. He served a long series of noble masters ...
neoclassicism

neoclassicism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The revival of a classical style or treatment in art, literature, architecture, or music. As an aesthetic and artistic style this originated in Rome in the mid 18th century, combining a reaction ...
Nineteenth-Century rhetoric

Nineteenth-Century rhetoric  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The discipline of nineteenth-century American rhetoric—the focus of this article, although many of the enumerated characteristics pertain to nineteenth-century European rhetoric as well—was founded ...
Occasion

Occasion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
We have become accustomed to thinking of all communicative situations as rhetorical. Aristotle (384–322 bce) himself opines (Rhetoric 2.18) that rhetoric is at play even in a conversation involving ...
periphrasis

periphrasis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[pe-rif-ră-sis](plural -ases)A roundabout way of referring to something by means of several words instead of naming it directly in a single word or phrase. Commonly known as ‘circumlocution’, ...
phronēsis

phronēsis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(Greek, intelligence, prudence)Practical wisdom, or knowledge of the proper ends of life, distinguished by Aristotle from theoretical knowledge and mere means-end reasoning, or craft, and itself a ...
Pierre Corneille

Pierre Corneille  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1606–84),French dramatist, best known as the creator of French classical tragedy. He exerted a powerful influence on the English dramatists of the Restoration, particularly on Dryden, and on ...
poetic diction

poetic diction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term used to mean language and usage peculiar to poetry, which came into prominence with Wordsworth's discussion in his preface (1800) to the Lyrical Ballads, in which he claims to have taken pains ...

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