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Declaration of Independence

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America

America  

The thirteen colonies later formed the United States of America. All except Georgia, founded in 1732, resulted from 17th‐cent. crown grants, mainly to companies or proprietors. Most were eventually ...
American Revolution

American Revolution  

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...
American War of Independence

American War of Independence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1776–83)The American revolution against British rule. It was triggered by colonial resentment at the commercial policies of Britain and by the lack of American participation in political decisions ...
Amistad Mutiny

Amistad Mutiny  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Rebellion of Africans held captive aboard the slave ship La Amistad that occurred in July 1839 off the northern coast of Cuba.Although England and Spain had signed a treaty ...
Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1706–90)Although Franklin's distinction rests on his work as a scientist and statesman, his homely moral and political philosophy, particularly as expounded in Poor Richard's Almanack (1733–58), has ...
Benjamin Harrison

Benjamin Harrison  

(1833–1901)US Republican statesman, 23rd President of the USA (1889–93). He was the grandson of William Henry Harrison.
Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush  

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Overview Page
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History
(1745–1813)American physician, statesman, reformer, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He campaigned for free education and religious tolerance and against alcohol abuse. He ...
Black Migration

Black Migration  

Black migration within colonial America was a result of the demand for labor and the dynamics of white migration in the region. As the American economy grew and settlers pushed ...
Caslon family

Caslon family  

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Overview Page
London punchcutters and typefounders. William I (1693–1766), apprenticed to a London gunlock engraver, set up on his own by 1716, also making tools for bookbinders and silver-plate chasers. W. Bowyer ...
Cavalier Parliament

Cavalier Parliament  

(1661–79)The first Parliament in Charles II's reign to be elected by royal writ. Strongly Royalist and Anglican in composition, it contained 100 members from the Long Parliament of Charles I. Its ...
Charles Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis  

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Overview Page
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History
(1738–1805) commanding general of British forces in the southern campaign in the Revolutionary War, born in London. He was the 2nd earl Cornwallis, later marquis. In the Revolutionary War, Cornwallis ...
civil liberties

civil liberties  

One of the fundamental principles of open, free societies, written into constitutions of many nations, civil liberty is the right of citizens to go about their lawful business without intrusive ...
congregationalism

congregationalism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Protestant churches based on local autonomy and the equality of all believers. Baptism and the Lord's Supper are the only sacraments accepted. As in other reformed Churches, there are ministers who ...
Constitutional Convention

Constitutional Convention  

By late 1786, only three years after the end of the Revolutionary War, most Americans had concluded that the Confederation Congress was too weak to deal with the social, economic ...
constitutionalism

constitutionalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
This theory, originating within States and demanding the subjection of government to the terms of the constitution, has been extended to international organizations to import very much the same: that ...
Continental Congress

Continental Congress  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1774; 1775–89)The assembly that first met in Philadelphia to concert a colonial response to the ‘Intolerable’ Coercive Acts. At its first session, the radicals, led by delegates from Massachusetts, ...
David Walker's Appeal

David Walker's Appeal  

(1829).David Walker's An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a seminal work of black nationalist doctrine, called for violent resistance against slavery and white supremacy. Evoking a ...
Declaration of the Rights of Man

Declaration of the Rights of Man  

Finally passed on 27 August 1789 during the French Revolution after much debate in the National Assembly, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (La déclaration des droits ...
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1815–1902),began her long career for woman's rights at the convention dedicated to this subject in her hometown of Seneca Falls, N.Y., in 1848. Soon thereafter she became the lifelong collaborator ...
Enlightenment, American

Enlightenment, American  

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Overview Page
A tradition in political thought imported to revolutionary America particularly by Franklin, Jefferson, Madison, and Paine. Jefferson drew on both the French and the Scottish Enlightenment; Paine ...

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