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Claude Debussy

(1862—1918) French composer and critic

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Arthur Honegger

Arthur Honegger  

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Overview Page
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Music
(1892–1955)French-born composer of Swiss parentage.Born in Le Havre into a comfortable bourgeois environment, Honegger was not only musically talented but also a first-class athlete with a passion ...
Béla Bartók

Béla Bartók  

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Overview Page
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Music
(b Nagyszentmiklós, Hungary (now Romania), 1881; d NY, 1945).Hung. composer, pianist, and folklorist. Parents were musical and mother gave him his first pf. lessons. In 1894 at Bratislava (then ...
Edmund Rubbra

Edmund Rubbra  

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Overview Page
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Music
(1901–1986)British composer, whose wide range of lyrical compositions is wholly in the English tradition and was largely inspired by his love of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century English poetry.Born ...
Erik Satie

Erik Satie  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Honfleur, 1866; d Paris, 1925).Fr. composer and pianist, son of Fr. father and Scottish mother. Moved to Paris 1878. Worked as pianist in 1888 at Montmartre cabaret. In same year wrote his ...
Gabriele D'Annunzio

Gabriele D'Annunzio  

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Literature
(1863–1938)Italian poet, novelist, and playwright: the leading Italian literary figure of the early twentieth century.D'Annunzio was born at Pescara in Abruzzi and educated in Prato. He published a ...
gamelan

gamelan  

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Overview Page
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Music
Type of orch. found in S. E. Asia, particularly Indonesia (e.g. Java). Incl. str. and woodwind instrs., but is notable for range of perc. such as gongs, drums, chimes, marimbas, etc. The visit of a ...
Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Puccini  

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Music
(1858–1924),Italian composer, whose works include two operas adapted from American plays: Madame Butterfly (1906), by Belasco and J.L. Long, and Belasco's The Girl of the Golden West (1910).
L' Après-midi D'un Faune

L' Après-midi D'un Faune  

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(Eng. title The Afternoon of a Faun)Ballet in one act with choreography by Nijinsky, music by Debussy, and design by Bakst. Premiered 19 May 1912 by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, at the Théâtre du ...
La Revue blanche

La Revue blanche  

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Overview Page
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Literature
One of the most important of the many periodicals associated with Symbolism and modern literary movements in late 19th‐c. France. Founded in 1889, it merged with La Revue in 1903. ...
Les Ballets Russes

Les Ballets Russes  

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*Ballet company that began as a tour to Paris in 1909 by dancers and opera singers from the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg. The company lasted for twenty years, producing ...
libretto

libretto  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(It.).Little book. The text of a vocal work, particularly opera. Author is ‘librettist’. First known was for Peri's Dafne (1594–8). Among famous librettists have been Metastasio, da Ponte, Scribe, ...
Luigi Dallapiccola

Luigi Dallapiccola  

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Music
(b Pisino d'Istria, 1904; d Florence, 1975).It. composer and pianist. At the time of his birth, Pisino was in the Austro‐Hungarian empire, being transferred to It. in 1918 (later part of Yugoslavia). ...
Manuel de Falla

Manuel de Falla  

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Music
(1876–1946)Spanish composer, a leading exponent of the new nationalism in twentieth-century Spanish music.Falla studied the piano in Madrid from the age of eight; later (1902–04) he studied ...
Maurice Delage

Maurice Delage  

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Overview Page
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Music
(b Paris, 1879; d Paris, 1961).Fr. composer, pupil of Ravel. Student of Indian mus. and wrote Quatre poèmes hindous for v. and orch. (1921). Orch. version of Debussy's Chansons de Bilitis 1926.
Maurice Maeterlinck

Maurice Maeterlinck  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1862–1949),Belgian poet and dramatist, who in 1911 was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. A Symbolist, and a forerunner of the Theatre of Silence, he wrote a number of ...
Maurice Ravel

Maurice Ravel  

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Music
(1875–1937)French composer, who was influenced by Debussy and whose richly orchestrated music and chamber music form part of the modern repertoire.Ravel studied at the Paris Conservatoire ...
Monsieur Croche

Monsieur Croche  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
The pseudonym under which Debussy wrote much of his incisive and outspoken music criticism, which appeared in a range of journals and newspapers. He published a selection of articles as ...
national anthem

national anthem  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Songs or hymns adopted by certain nations to be perf. on official occasions and to represent them at int. events, e.g. when a competitor is awarded a medal in the Olympic Games. They are the mus. ...
nocturne

nocturne  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(Fr., ‘pertaining to night’).A comp. which suggests a nocturnal atmosphere, e.g. Haydn's Notturnos for lira organizzata, Mozart's Serenata Notturna, but more specifically a short pf. piece of ...
Paul Dukas

Paul Dukas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Paris, 1865; d Paris, 1935).Fr. composer. Awarded 2nd Prix de Rome 1888. Early works influenced by Wagner. Scored major success in 1897 with orch. scherzo L'Apprenti Sorcier. Perhaps his finest ...

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